^1 The German word Elf also means "eleven", as in "wohl um Elf" ("just at eleven"). ^2 Silpelit is a character from "Der letzte König von Orplid" ("The last King of Orplid"), an interlude in Mörike's novel "Maler Nolten" ("Painter Nolten").
The poem is a direct inspiration for Elfen Lied, a Japanese manga—and concurrently anime—series created by Lynn Okamoto. A sung version of "Elfenlied" appears in the manga. Also, the term "Silpelit" is used in the series to describe a category of Diclonius, which refers to an evolved subspecies of humans to which the main character belongs.