Erzsébet Szilágyi

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This article is about King Matthias Corvinus's mother. For the composer, see Erzsébet Szőnyi.
Erzsébet Szilágyi
Queen Mother of Hungary
Szilagyi Erzsebet.jpg
Spouse John Hunyadi
Issue Ladislaus Hunyadi
Matthias Corvinus
House House of Szilágyi (by birth)
House of Hunyadi (by marriage)
Father Ladislaus Szilágyi
Mother Catherine Bellyéni
Born 1410
Died 1483
Szilágyi Coat Of Arms

Erzsébet Szilágyi (Hungarian: Szilágyi Erzsébet, c. 1410–1483) was a Hungarian[1] noblewoman of Szilágy County of the Kingdom of Hungary. Elizabeth was the daughter of the count Ladislaus Szilágyi and Catherine Bellyéni, members of two influential Hungarian families of the 15th century that were loyal to the King Sigismund of Hungary. She had several siblings, including the count Mihály Szilágyi, who had an important role after the death of Elizabeth's husband, John Hunyadi. Hunyadi was the regent of the Kingdom of Hungary and supreme commander of the armies, an excelse fighter, that counted with the favor of the Pope for confronting the Ottoman Empire. He was the most powerful nobleman of the Kingdom and counted with huge properties and centenars of lower noblemen that supported him. After his death in 1456, his older son Ladislaus Hunyadi became the head of the family, however after murdering the count Ulrik of Cilli, the counsilor of the King Ladislaus V of Hungary, he was executed. Then Elizabeth's only son Matthias Corvinus of Hungary was taken to Prague by the young King, who felt for his life before the instability caused after the execution of Ladislaus Hunyadi. Mihály Szilágyi and Elizabeth became the leaders of this Liga, and after the sudden death of the King Ladislaus (possibly poisoned), she negotiated the release of Matthias, who was soon crowned as King of Hungary in 1458.[2]

After this, Elizabeth became the mother of the King, and continued being a great influence in the Kingdom. Matthias had an illegitimate son in 1473, and soon was sent to the properties of his grandmother, who raised him with the best teachers of the Kingdom. The illegitimate John Corvinus never became King of Hungary after the death of Matthias because of the pression of the noblemen and the widow of the monarch, but enjoyed titles and properties, fighting the Turkish armies until the end of his life as his grandfather and father did before. His grandmother Elizabeth lived in Óbuda most of his life, and founded several monasteries and chapels, following her deeply religious beliefs. She died around 1483.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decad. III, lib. 4, ed. cit., p. 448, in Armbruster, Adolf. The Romanity of the Romanians. Ch 3. Sec 2. p70 "/Bonfini/ for this man (Matthias Corvinus) was indeed born of a Romanian father and a Hungarian mother"
  2. ^ Antal Mojzeš, Radnički pokret u Bajmoku, Subotica: NIO Subotičke novine, 1984; page 6
  3. ^ Schönherr Gyula: Hunyadi Corvin János : 1473-1504, Budapest, Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1894.