Engis

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Engis
Municipality of Belgium
Engis JPG01.jpg
Coat of arms of Engis
Coat of arms
Engis is located in Belgium
Engis
Engis
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°25′E / 50.583°N 5.417°E / 50.583; 5.417Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°25′E / 50.583°N 5.417°E / 50.583; 5.417
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Liège
Arrondissement Huy
Government
 • Mayor Serge Manzato (PS)
 • Governing party/ies PS
Area
 • Total 27.74 km2 (10.71 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 5,809
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Postal codes 4480
Area codes 04
Website www.engis.be

Engis is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. On January 1, 2006 Engis had a total population of 5,686. The total area is 27.74 km² which gives a population density of 205 inhabitants per km².

It is in this village that in 1829 the first Neanderthal skulls were discovered by Philippe-Charles Schmerling, prior to the official discovery in the Neander Valley in 1856.

Pollution fatalities[edit]

Main article: 1930 Meuse Valley fog

In late 1930 and early 1931, several thousand cases of acute pulmonary attacks occurred in the Meuse valley, centered on Engis, and 60 people died. A commission of inquiry set up by the Belgian government concluded that the cause was poisonous waste gases, primarily sulfur dioxide, emitted by the many factories in the valley and the furnaces used by the population, in conjunction with unusual climatic conditions coupled with the unique topographic characteristics of the area.[2][3] Others have claimed that the deaths were the result acute fluorine intoxication.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ Mage, J., and Batta, G. Resultat de l'expertise judiciare sur la cause des accidents survenus dans la Vallee de la Meuse pendant les brouillards de decembre 1930. Chim. & Ind., 27, 145 E (1932).
  3. ^ Batta, G., Firket, J., and Leclerc, E.: Les problemes de pollution de l'atmosphere. G. Thone, Liege, 1933 (pp. 260-327).