Enoplia

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Enoplia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Enoplea
Subclass: Enoplia
Pearse, 1942
Orders

Enoplia is a subclass of nematodes in Class Enoplea.

Description[edit]

Enoplians are characterized by amphids shaped like ovals, stirrups, or pouches. Their bodies are smooth, without rings or lines. The esophagus is cylindrical and glandular.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Lorenzen described two orders, Enoplida and Trefusiida in the 1980s based on morphology. With the advent of phylogenetic analysis, a reorgaisation has been necessary, moving Triplonchida here to create three orders and expanding it.[1][2] [3]

The orders are distinguished mainly by habitat type.[4][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Subclass Enoplia. Nemaplex: Nematode-Plant Expert Information System. University of California, Davis. Version July 26, 2012.
  2. ^ Phylum Nematoda. Nematode Classification. Department of Nematology. University of California, Riverside.
  3. ^ a b Lee 2010.
  4. ^ Bik, H. M., et al. (2010). Moving towards a complete molecular framework of the Nematoda: a focus on the Enoplida and early-branching clades. BMC Evol Biol. 10: 353.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Blaxter, Mark L.; De Ley, Paul; Garey, James R.; Liu, Leo X.; Scheldeman, Patsy; Vierstraete, Andy; Vanfleteren, Jacques R.; Mackey, Laura Y.; Dorris, Mark; Frisse, Linda M.; Vida, J. T.; Thomas, W. Kelley (5 March 1998). "A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum Nematoda". Nature 392 (6671): 71–75. doi:10.1038/32160. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  • Lee, Donald L, ed. (2010). The biology of nematodes. London: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0415272114. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  • De Ley, P & Blaxter, M 2004, 'A new system for Nematoda: combining morphological characters with molecular trees, and translating clades into ranks and taxa'. in R Cook & DJ Hunt (eds), Nematology Monographs and Perspectives. vol. 2, E.J. Brill, Leiden, pp. 633-653.