Ernst Engel

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Ernst Engel
Ernst Engel.jpg
Ernst Engel
Born (1821-03-26)March 26, 1821
Dresden
Died December 8, 1896(1896-12-08) (aged 75)
Serkowitz (now part of Radebeul)
Nationality German
Fields statistician and economist
Known for Engel curve and the Engel's law

Ernst Engel (March 26, 1821 – December 8, 1896) was a German statistician and economist, famous for the Engel curve and the Engel's law.

Biography[edit]

Ernst was born in Dresden in 1821. He studied at the famous mining academy of Freiberg, in Saxony, and on completing his curriculum traveled in Germany and France.[1]

Immediately after the revolution of 1848, he was attached to the royal commission in Saxony appointed to determine the relations between trade and labor. In 1850, he was directed by the government to assist in the organization of the German Industrial Exhibition of Leipzig (the first of its kind). His efforts were so successful that, in 1854, he was induced to enter the government service, as chief of the newly instituted statistical department. He retired, however, from the office in 1858. He founded at Dresden the first Mortgage Insurance Society (Hypotheken-Versicherungsgesellschaft), and as a result of the success of his work, was summoned in 1860 to Berlin as director of the statistical department, in succession to Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Dieterici. In his new office, he made himself a name of worldwide reputation. Raised to the rank of Geheimer Regierungsrat, he retired in 1882 and lived henceforward in Serkowitz, today part of Radebeul near Dresden, where he died in 1896.[1] His investigations into the social condition of the working classes were much noted.[2]

Works[edit]

Engel was a voluminous writer on the subjects with which his name is connected, but his statistical papers are mostly published in the periodicals which he himself established, namely, Preuss. Statistik (in 1861); Zeitschrift des Statistischen Bureaus, and Zeitschrift des Statistischen Bureaus des Königreichs Sachsen.[1] Among his works were Die Methoden der Volkszählung (“Census methods,” 1861), Land und Leute des Preussischen Staates (“The Prussian land and people,” 1863), and Das Zeitalter des Dampfes (“The era of steam,” 1881).[2]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Heinrich Strecker, Rolf Wiegert (1997) “Engel, (Christian Lorenz) Ernst,” pp. 280-3 in Leading Personalities in Statistical Sciences from the Seventeenth Century to the Present (ed. N. L. Johnson and S. Kotz) New York: Wiley. Originally published in Encyclopedia of Statistical Science.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Engel, Ernst". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Engel, Ernst". Encyclopedia Americana. 

External links[edit]