Estate Jewelry usually refers to jewelry that was previously owned. Contrary to popular belief, estate jewelry does not necessarily come from the estate of the deceased, and is not always antique. Jewelry must be at least 100 years old to be considered antique, and made after the 1940s and through the 1980s to be considered vintage.
- 1 Periods of Estate jewelry
- 1.1 Georgian Jewelry (1714–1837)
- 1.2 Early Victorian, romantic jewelry (1837–1855)
- 1.3 Mid-Victorian, grand jewelry (1856–1880)
- 1.4 Late Victorian, aesthetic jewelry (1885–1900)
- 1.5 Arts and Crafts jewelry (1894–1923)
- 1.6 Art Nouveau jewelry (1895–1915)
- 1.7 Edwardian jewelry (1901–1915)
- 1.8 Art Deco jewelry (1915–1935)
- 1.9 Retro jewelry (1945–1960)
- 1.10 Art Organique jewelry (20th century - )
- 2 See also
- 3 References
Periods of Estate jewelry
Estate Jewelry's collection of antique luxury jewelry comes from many time periods. The most popular time periods are: Georgian, Early Victorian, Mid-Victorian, Late Victorian, Arts and Crafts Era, Edwardian, Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Retro, and Art Organique.
Georgian Jewelry (1714–1837)
Georgian-era jewelry is handmade and rare. This era often featured nature-inspired designs, such as leaves, birds, and precious stones. Memento Mori was a style of jewlery very popular at the time. The phrase signifies "remember that you will die" and the style is characterized heavy usage of skull and coffin motifs.
Early Victorian, romantic jewelry (1837–1855)
Early Victorian-era jewelry also featured nature-inspired designs, similar to jewelry of the Georgian era. Frequently, these designs were delicately and intricately etched into gold. Lockets and brooches were popular in daytime jewelry during the early Victorian era, whereas colored gemstones and diamonds were worn during the evening.
Mid-Victorian, grand jewelry (1856–1880)
Because the Grand or Mid-Victorian era corresponded with the death of Queen Victoria’s husband, many jewelry pieces have solemn, somber designs. Known as mourning jewelry, the pieces feature heavy, dark stones. Jet, onyx, amethyst, and garnet are frequently found in jewelry from this period. Compared to previous periods, Mid-Victorian-era jewelry feature highly creative, colorful designs using shells, mosaics and gemstones.
Late Victorian, aesthetic jewelry (1885–1900)
During the Late Victorian or Aesthetic period, jeweler used diamonds and feminine, bright gemstones such as sapphire, peridot, and spinel. Star and crescent designs as well as elaborate hat pins were also popular. Some scholars believe the aesthetic era began sooner, in 1875, and ended as early as 1890.
Arts and Crafts jewelry (1894–1923)
Due to the Industrial Revolution, many jewelry designers rebelled during the Arts and Crafts movement, returning to intricate jewelry designs and handmade craftsmanship. It was common for jewelry of this era to be simple in pattern and made of colorful, uncut stones.
Art Nouveau jewelry (1895–1915)
Art Nouveau jewelry features natural designs such as flowers and butterflies and were generally considered "romantic." Art Nouveau was a style popular from about 1895 until World War I. The style actually began around 1875 in Paris, and its influence went throughout the western world. The style died out by the end of World War I but has often been revived. Art Nouveau jewelry follows curves and naturalistic designs, especially depicting long-haired, sensual women, sometimes turning into bird-like or flower-like forms.
Edwardian jewelry (1901–1915)
The Edwardian period began upon the death of Queen Victoria, when her son Edward became King. During this period many of the Edwardian-designed pieces incorporated more expensive gems such as diamonds, emeralds and rubies in elaborate designs.
Art Deco jewelry (1915–1935)
A stylized design which was named after the 1925 International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts, held in Paris, France. Much Art Deco design was a transition from the earlier Art Nouveau and, as with the Art Nouveau epoch, was inspired by the art of the indigenous peoples of the Americas and by ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman architecture. Art Deco jewelry motifs are characterized by geometric designs, diverse combinations of color, and abstract patterns. In 1922, the opening of Tutankhamen's tomb in Egypt inspired another Egyptian revival. Influences from cubism as well as African, oriental, Persian, Islamic, and Jugendstil designs were common in Art Deco jewelry. The early 1920s' interest in Cubism and Dadaism as a new art form greatly influenced the Art Deco period. Additionally, the mysteries of the pyramids and a continuing revival of astrological studies lent themselves to Art Deco designs, which in turn were incorporated in the Art Moderne period following 1930.
Art Deco style in other European countries was largely derivative, like the Italian G. Ravasco's diamond-studded geometric creations or Theodor Fahmer's later jewels. Some London jeweler, like Asprey and Mappin & Webb, produced Art Deco-style confections, but these are largely unsigned, so the designers are unknown. Some British design jewellers, however--like Sibyl Dunlop, Harold Stabler and H. G. Murphy, known primarily for their Arts and Crafts pieces--produced decidedly modern jewelry.
Georg Jensen's firm in Copenhagen continued to produce silver jewelry in the Art Deco era, adding sharp geometric forms to its repertoire of stylized motifs; these in turn were imitated by a host of European jewelers.
Art-deco jewelry is one of the most sought-after jewelry categories, as demonstrated by auction results.
Retro jewelry (1945–1960)
Inspired by Hollywood, Retro jewelry is colorful, bold and elaborate. Most commonly worn were large cocktail rings, bracelets, watches, necklaces and charm bracelets.
Art Organique jewelry (20th century - )
A nature-inspired and more abstract geometric design within the art of jewelry design inspired by the sciences, especially ecology, structural biology and mathematics. The style is characterized by continuity, flow, and movement as expressed in distinctly three-dimensional forms. According to the philosophy of the style, art should reflect man and nature. The goal is to understand nature’s underlying ‘spirit’ rather than merely copying natural form.
- Librarypoint: Rappahannock Regional Library
- Art Deco Jewelry collector guide. Interview Sotheby's, CNBC at Farlang.com (2012-09-17). Retrieved on 2012-10-14.
- Muller, T; Campbell, K. Hyperinflation Worries? Buy My Jewellery, Richemont’s Rupert Says Bloomberg News article