Ethyl benzoate

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Ethyl benzoate
Ethyl benzoate svg.svg
CAS number 93-89-0 YesY
ChemSpider 6897 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C9H10O2
Molar mass 150.17 g mol−1
Density 1.050 g/cm3
Melting point −34 °C (−29 °F; 239 K)
Boiling point 211 to 213 °C (412 to 415 °F; 484 to 486 K)
Related compounds
Related compounds Methyl benzoate
Propyl benzoate
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Ethyl benzoate, C9H10O2, is the ester formed by the condensation of benzoic acid and ethanol. It is a colorless liquid that is almost insoluble in water, but miscible with most organic solvents.

As with many volatile esters, ethyl benzoate has a pleasant odor described as sweet, wintergreen, fruity, medicinal, cherry, and grape.[1] It is a component of some fragrances and artificial fruit flavors.


A simple and commonly used method for the preparation of ethyl benzoate in laboratory is the acidic esterification of benzoic acid with ethanol and sulfuric acid as catalyst:[2]

Reaction equation for the acidic esterification.


  1. ^ Ethyl benzoate,
  2. ^ Arthur Israel Vogel. Rev. by Brian S. Furniss: Vogel’s textbook of practical organic chemistry. 5. Auflage. Longman, Harlow 1989, ISBN 0-582-46236-3, S. 1076

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