Euphoberia

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Euphoberia
Temporal range: Pennsylvanian
Euphoberia spinulosa.jpg
Euphoberia spinulosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Myriapoda
Subclass: Chilognatha
Superorder: Archipolypoda
Order: Euphoberiida
Family: Euphoberiidae
Genus: Euphoberia
Meek & Worthen, 1868
Type species
Euphoberia armigera
Meek & Worthen, 1868
Species

E. anguilla Scudder, 1882
E. armigera Meek & Worthen, 1868
E. carri Scudder, 1882
E. cuspidata Scudder, 1890
E. flabellata Scudder, 1882
E. granosa Scudder, 1882
E. simplex Scudder 1890
E. spinulosa Scudder 1890
E. tracta Scudder 1890

Euphoberia is an extinct genus of millipede from the Pennsylvanian epoch of the Late Carboniferous, measuring up to 30 centimetres (12 in) in length.[1] Fossils have been found in Europe[2] and North America.[3]

There has been uncertainty about the appropriate classification of Euphoberia since its description in 1868: it has been referred to as a centipede,[4] millipede, or a separate, independent group within the myriapods.[5][6] It is currently placed in the Archipolypoda, an extinct group of millipedes.[3] Several species described in the late 19th century have since been assigned to the related genera Myriacantherpestes and Acantherpestes.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shear, William A.; Edgecombe, Gregory D. (2010). "The geological record and phylogeny of the Myriapoda". Arthropod Structure & Development 39 (2-3): 174–190. doi:10.1016/j.asd.2009.11.002. PMID 19944188. 
  2. ^ Brade, S. Birks-Graham (1928). "An important specimen of Euphoberia ferox from the Middle Coal Measures of Crawcrook". Geological Magazine 65 (09): 400–406. doi:10.1017/S0016756800108106. 
  3. ^ a b Wilson, Heather M. (2006). "Aggregation behaviour in juvenile millipedes from the Upper Carboniferous of Mazon Creek, Illinois". Palaeontology 49 (4): 733–740. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2006.00567.x. 
  4. ^ John Rennie (June 30, 2006). "Four legs, good; two legs, bad... but 100 legs, scary". Scientific American. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Euphoberia armigera". Mazon Creek Fossils. Illinois State Museum. 
  6. ^ Scudder, Samuel H. (1881). "XLV.—The structure and affinities of Euphoberia, Meek and Worthen, a genus of Carboniferous Myriopoda". The Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 5 7: 437–442. doi:10.1080/00222938109459551. 
  7. ^ Burke, J.J. (1979). "A new millipede genus, Myriacantherpestes (Diplopoda, Archipolypoda), and Myriacantherpestes bradebirksi, new species, from the English UK Coal Measures". Kirtlandia 30: 1–24.