Fasciolariidae

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Fasciolariidae
Fusinus monksae.jpg
A live image of Fusinus monksae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda

Superfamily: Buccinoidea
Family: Fasciolariidae
Gray, 1853
Type genus
Fasciolaria, Lamarck, 1799
Genera

See text

Fasciolariidae, common name the "tulip snails and spindle snails", is a family of small to large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Buccinoidea.

The family Fasciolariidae probably appeared about 110 million years ago during the Cretaceous [1]

Distribution[edit]

The recent species inhabit tropical to temperate waters.

Description[edit]

The shells are usually reddish in color and have a moderate to large size, reaching a height between 1.0 cm and 60 cm. The shells are spindle-shaped and biconic. The spire is elongate. The siphonal canal is well developed and is long to moderately long. The columella varies between a smooth appearance and showing spiral folds. The horny operculum has an oval shape. Their radula is characteristic with narrow central teeth with three cusps. The wide lateral teeth show numerous ctenoid (= comblike) cusps.

Snails in the family Fasciolariidae are carnivorous. They feed on other gastropods and on bivalves. Some also prey on worms and barnacles.

The snails are gonochoristic, i.e. the individuals have just one sex. The female snails deposit their eggs in horny capsules either in a single form or in clusters arranged arranged around a hollow axis. The single forms have a flattened, disk-shaped or vase-shaped form. The clusters are hemispherical or cylindrical. Development is usually direct. The larvae emerge from the capsules as free-swimming young or as crawling young.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) the family Fasciolariidae consists of three subfamilies:

  • Fasciolariinae Gray, 1853
  • Fusininae Wrigley, 1927 - synonyms: Fusinae Swainson, 1840 (inv.); Cyrtulidae MacDonald, 1869; Streptochetinae Cossmann, 1901
  • Peristerniinae Tryon, 1880 - synonym: Latiridae Iredale, 1929

Genera[edit]

Genera in the family Fasciolariidae include (fossil genera are marked with a dagger):[2][3]

subfamily Fasciolariinae
subfamily Fusininae
  • Fusus Bruguière, 1789 : synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
subfamily Peristerniinae
Subfamily ?
Genera brought into synonymy
  • Aptyxis Troschel, 1868: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Barbarofusus Grabau & Shimer, 1909: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Buccinofusus Conrad, 1868: synonym of Conradconfusus Snyder, 2002 †
  • Bulbifusus Conrad, 1865 †: synonym of Mazzalina Conrad, 1960 †
  • Chasca Clench & Aguayo, 1941: synonym of Chascax Watson, 1873: synonym of Hemipolygona Rovereto, 1899
  • Chascax Watson, 1873: synonym of Hemipolygona Rovereto, 1899
  • Cinctura Hollister, 1957: synonym of Fasciolaria Lamarck, 1799
  • Clavella Swainson, 1835: synonym of Clavilithes Swainson, 1840 †
  • Cymatium Link, 1807: synonym of Latirus Montfort, 1810
  • Exilifusus Gabb, 1876 †: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Fusilatirus McGinty, 1955: synonym of Dolicholatirus Bellardi, 1884
  • Fusus Bruguière, 1789: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Gracilipurpura Jousseaume, 1881 †: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Harfordia Dall, 1921: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Heilprinia Grabau, 1904: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Iaeranea Rafinesque, 1815: synonym of Fasciolaria Lamarck, 1799
  • Lagena Schumacher, 1817: synonym of Latirolagena Harris, 1897
  • Lathyrus Schinz, 1825: synonym of Latirus Montfort, 1810
  • Latirofusus Cossmann, 1889: synonym of Dolicholatirus Bellardi, 1884
  • Latyrus Carpenter, 1857: synonym of Latirus Montfort, 1810
  • Propefusus Iredale, 1924: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Pseudofusus Monterosato, 1884: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Pseudolatirus Cossmann, 1889 †: synonym of Streptolathyrus Cossmann, 1901 †
  • Simplicifusus Kira, 1972: synonym of Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe, 1954
  • Sinistralia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Tarantinaea Monterosato, 1917: synonym of Fasciolaria Lamarck, 1799

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Snyder M.A. "Catalogue of the marine gastropod family Fasciolariidae". Academy of Natural Sciences. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  2. ^ "Fasciolariidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  3. ^ WoRMS : Fasciolariidae
  4. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pseudolatirus Bellardi, 1884. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=446090 on 2010-08-01

External links[edit]