Feigenbaum function

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In the study of dynamical systems the term Feigenbaum function has been used to describe two different functions introduced by the physicist Mitchell Feigenbaum:

Functional equation[edit]

The functional equation arises in the study of one-dimensional maps that, as a function of a parameter, go through a period-doubling cascade. The functional equation is the mathematical expression of the universality of period doubling. The equation is used to specify a function g and a parameter λ by the relation

 g(x) = \frac{1}{-\lambda} g( g(\lambda x ) )

with the boundary conditions

  • g(0) = 1,
  • g′(0) = 0, and
  • g′′(0) < 0

For a particular form of solution with a quadratic dependence of the solution near x=0, the inverse 1/λ=2.5029... is one of the Feigenbaum constants.

Scaling function[edit]

The Feigenbaum scaling function provides a complete description of the attractor of the logistic map at the end of the period-doubling cascade. The attractor is a Cantor set set, and just as the middle-third Cantor set, it can be covered by a finite set of segments, all bigger than a minimal size dn. For a fixed dn the set of segments forms a cover Δn of the attractor. The ratio of segments from two consecutive covers, Δn and Δn+1 can be arranged to approximate a function σ, the Feigenbaum scaling function.

See also[edit]

References[edit]