Flavobacteriales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flavobacteriales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Bacteroidetes
Class: Flavobacteria
Order: Flavobacteriales
Families

Flavobacteriaceae
Myroidaceae
Blattabacteriaceae

The order Flavobacteriales is composed of three families of environmental bacteria.[1]

Comparative Genomics and Molecular Signatures[edit]

The order Flavobacteriales is of one of the four orders from the phylum Bacteroidetes[2] Comparative genomic studies have identified several conserved indels as well as 27 proteins that are uniquely shared by different sequenced Flavobacteriales and Bacteroidetes species supporting this inference.[3][4] Additionally, these studies have also identified 38 proteins that seem to be specific for the species from the order Flavobacteriales.[4] Of these proteins, 26 were present in all sequenced species, while the remaining 12 were missing in only 1-2 species. These signature proteins provide potential molecular markers for this order. Several proteins have also been identified which are unique to the Flavobacteriales and Bacteroidales orders indicating that the species from these two orders shared a common ancestor exclusive of other Bacteroidetes.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria) (D.R. Boone and R.W. Castenholz, eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York (2001). pp. 465-466.
  2. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Bacteroidetes". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [1]. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  3. ^ Gupta, R. S. (2004). The phylogeny and signature sequences characteristics of Fibrobacteres, Chlorobi, and Bacteroidetes. Critical Reviews in Microbiology. 30:123-140. doi: 10.1080/10408410490435133.
  4. ^ a b c Gupta, R. S. and Lorenzini, E. (2007). Phylogeny and molecular signatures (conserved proteins and indels) that are specific for the Bacteroidetes and Chlorobi species. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 7:71. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-71.