Friedrich Flick (1883–1972) was the founder of the dynasty, establishing a major industrial conglomerate during the Weimar Republic; he was found guilty at the Nuremberg Trials—specifically the Flick Trial. During the Second World War Flick's industrial enterprises used 48,000 forced labourers from Germany's concentration camps.
Friedrich Flick was the son of a wealthy farmer, who also owned some stock in a mining company in Ernsdorf. His rise began as a member of the board of directors of the Charlottenhütte mining company, and he eventually became a co-owner. He became the company's Director-General in 1919. During the Weimar Republic, he built an enormous industrial conglomerate.
While originally a member of the liberal German People's Party, Flick also supported the Nazi Party financially from 1933, and over the next ten years donated over seven million marks to the party.
During the Second World War Flick's industrial enterprises used 48,000 forced labourers from Germany's concentration camps. It is estimated that 80 per cent of these workers died as a result of the way they were treated during the war. Flick was found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg in 1947 and was sentenced to seven years in prison, but was pardoned shortly after and resumed control over his industrial conglomerate, becoming the richest person in West Germany.
The 1983 Flick Affair revealed that German politicians had been bribed to allow the Flick family to reduce its tax liabilities, and after becoming an Austrian citizen to further reduce his tax obligations, in 1985 Friedrich Karl Flick sold most of his industrial holdings to Deutsche Bank for $2.5 billion (£1.4 billion), retiring until his 2006 death.
On Thursday November 20, 2008, it was reported that his body was stolen from a cemetery in Veldel, Austria.
A German high school in Friedrich Flick's hometown was called the "Friedrich-Flick-Gymnasium" until September 2008. The contribution from Flick had made it possible to build this school in 1969. The Donatella Flick Conducting Competition is named for Donatella Flick.
Notable members of the Flick family
- Friedrich Flick (10 July 1883 – 20 July 1972), industrialist
Children of Friedrich Flick:
- Otto-Ernst Flick (1916–74), his children (with Barbara Raabe):
- Dagmar, Countess Vitzthum von Eckstaedt by marriage, now Ottmann
- Gert Rudolph Flick "Muck Flick" (May 29, 1943), 2 children (married and divorced to Princess Johanna von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein, married and divorced to Princess Donatella Missikoff of Ossetia with whom he had one son Sebastian (1989), married to Corinne Müller-Vivil with whom he had one daughter)
- Friedrich Christian Flick "Mick Flick" (September 19, 1944), 3 children with his ex-wife, Countess Maya von Schönburg-Glauchau:
- Friedrich-Alexander (March 9, 1986)
- Maria-Pilar (August 2, 1988)
- Ernst-Moritz (August 27, 1989)
- Rudolf Flick (born 1919, died June 28, 1941, in Ukraine)
- Friedrich Karl Flick (February 3, 1927 – October 5, 2006), industrialist, involved in a German political scandal; married three times (no children with first wife):
- Alexandra (with Ursula Kloiber, née Reuther)
- Elisabeth Anna (December 24, 1973) (with Ursula Kloiber, née Reuther), who wed February 8, 2006 Prince Wilhelm Alexander von Auersperg-Breunner (April 23, 1968); they have two sons and one daughter
- Victoria-Katharina (with Ingrid Ragger)
- Karl-Friedrich (with Ingrid Ragger)
Other Flick family members:
- Donatella Flick, born Princess Donatella Missikoff, socialite and philanthropist, former wife of Gert Rudolph Flick.
- Maria (Maya) Felicitas Flick, born Gräfin (Countess) von Schönburg-Glauchau August 15, 1958, daughter of the late politician and author, Joachim, Count von Schönburg-Glauchau, and sister of socialite Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis Carl Count of Schönburg-Glauchau (real estate Investment advisor) and of the author Alexander, Count of Schönburg-Glauchau. She married Friedrich Christian Flick in Munich on August 29, 1985, has three children with him, and the couple were divorced in London on July 15, 1993. She lives in Surrey, England. She attracted controversy in a 2013 court case alleging unfair treatment of her former housekeeper.
References and notes
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Furstliche Hauser Band XIX. C.A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn. 2011. pp.113, 368-369. German. ISBN 978-3-7980-0849-6.
- Bains, Inderdeep (August 5, 2013). "Ex-wife of Mercedes Benz heir 'told her Polish housekeeper she must not get pregnant unless she informed her first'". Daily Mail (London).
- Thomas Ramge: Die Flicks. Eine deutsche Familiengeschichte um Geld, Macht und Politik. Campus-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-593-37404-8.
- Günter Ogger: Friedrich Flick der Grosse. 3. Auflage. Scherz Verlag, Bern-München-Wien 1971.
- Kim Christian Priemel: Flick - Eine Konzerngeschichte vom Kaiserreich bis zur Bundesrepublik. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 3-8353-0219-1.
- Norbert Frei, Ralf Ahrens, Jörg Osterloh, Tim Schanetzky: Flick. Der Konzern. Die Familie. Die Macht. Blessing Verlag, München 2009, ISBN 978-3-89667-400-5