Flora of the Republic of Macedonia

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Pinus peuce, the Macedonian Pine or Molika, one of Macedonia's most recognizable trees.

The flora of the Republic of Macedonia is represented with around 210 families, 920 genera, and around 3,700 plant species. The most abundant group are the flowering plants with around 3,200 species, which is followed by mosses (350 species) and ferns (42).

Phytogeographically, Macedonia belongs to the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency, the territory of the Republic can be subdivided into four ecoregions: the Pindus Mountains mixed forests, Balkan mixed forests, Rhodopes mixed forests and Aegean sclerophyllous and mixed forests.

Numerical distribution of plant families, genera and species[edit]

All the genera and species of plants found in Macedonia are presented in "Flora of the Republic of Macedonia" (Macedonian Флора на Република Македонија) by Academic d-r Kiril Micevski, one of the founders of the botanical science in Macedonia.

Group Families Genera Species Subspecies, varieties, forms All taxa
Marchantiophyta 29 42 66 - -
Anthocerotophyta 1 1 1 - -
Bryophyta 34 124 330 - -
Lycopodiophyta 3 5 6 - 6
Equisetophyta 1 1 7 13 20
Pterophyta 15 21 42 18 60
Gymnosperms 4 6 15 7 22
Angiosperms
*Dicotyledonae
*Monocotyledonae
120
102
18
720
565
155
3,200
2,600
600
1,700
1,500
200
4,900
4,100
800
Total plant taxa 210 920 3,700 1,740 5,350