Floyd Taylor Chance (21 December 1925 – 11 April 2005), often credited as Lightnin' Chance, was an American session musician who played bass on many successful country and pop records, especially in the 1950s and 1960s.
He was born in Como, Mississippi, and learned to play guitar, clarinet, saxophone and tuba while at school. He was nicknamed "Lightnin'" for his prowess on the football field. He received further musical training while serving with the US Navy in World War II, when he performed with the Fourth Fleet Band.
After his discharge, he moved to Memphis, Tennessee, and from 1947 played in Smilin' Eddie Hill's band and on local radio and TV shows. His first recordings were made for Sam Phillips in the studios which later became the home of Sun Records. He also recorded in Nashville, and in 1952 joined a Grand Ole Opry tour that performed at the Astor Hotel in New York City. In September 1952, he played stand-up acoustic bass on Hank Williams' last recording sessions, which produced three no.1 country music singles - "Your Cheatin' Heart," "Kaw-Liga" and "Take These Chains From My Heart."
Chance played bass on many other hit records as a member of "the Nashville A-Team". These included Conway Twitty's "It's Only Make Believe", Faron Young's "Hello Walls", and the Everly Brothers' "Bird Dog" and "Bye Bye Love." He also recorded with the Louvin Brothers, the Osborne Brothers, Jimmy Martin, and Marvin Rainwater. He performed extensively at the Grand Ole Opry in the 1950s and 1960s, with musicians including Marty Robbins, Patsy Cline, and Willie Nelson. He was also responsible for adapting a vocal chart to be followed by studio instrumentalists who did not read music, which became known as the Nashville Numbering System.
- CMT News, Session Legend Floyd "Lightnin'" Chance Dies at Age 79, 13 April 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2013
- Lightnin' Chance at Black Cat Rockabilly. Retrieved 18 September 2013