Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database
The Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT) website disseminates statistical data collected and maintained by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on the following subject domains:
- Food Balance Sheet
- Food Supply
- Commodity Balance
Data are provided as a time-series from 1961 in most domains for 245 countries in English, Spanish and French.
The FAOSTAT system is one of FAO’s most important corporate systems. It is a major component of FAO’s information systems, contributing to the organization’s strategic objective of collecting, analyzing, interpreting and disseminating information relating to nutrition, food and agriculture. It is at the core of the World Agricultural Information Centre (WAICENT) through which access is given to FAO’s vast store of information on agricultural and food topics – statistical data, documents, books, images, and maps.
Data contained in FAOSTAT are published in the FAO Statistical Yearbooks in hard copy and online. Details of these can be found on the website for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division.
Description of subject domains
- Agricultural Production
Data are provided on: area harvested, yield, production quantity and seed for primary crops; production quantity for processed crops; stock of live animals; producing/slaughtered animals, yield and production quantity for primary livestock commodities; and producing/slaughtered animals and production quantity for processed livestock commodities.
Agricultural Production Indices (gross, net and per capita in International Dollars for each year in comparison to a base period) for Agriculture and it’s component commodities, Cereals, Crops, Food, Livestock and Non-Food have been calculated at country, regional and world levels. The Value of Agricultural Production is available for countries and agricultural commodities, expressed in local currency units.
- Food and Agriculture Trade
The TradeSTAT module provides comprehensive, comparable and up-to-date annual trade statistics by country, region and economic country groups for about 600 individual food and agriculture commodities since 1961. Data are provided for imports and exports, quantity and value for crops and livestock products and live animals.
The Detailed Trade Matrix provides data by reporting and partner country. This data are also shown in map format in the Detailed World Agricultural Trade Flows application.
Trade Indices are calculated for Crops and Livestock, primary and processed. Values for Import Value at Base Period Quantity, Export Value at Base Period Quantity, Import Value at Base Period Price and Export Value at Base Period Price are given in 1000$. Index numbers are a figure reflecting a change in value or quantity as compared with a standard or base. The base usually equals 100 and the index number is usually expressed as a percentage.
- Food Balance Sheets
A food balance sheet presents a comprehensive picture of the pattern of a country's food supply during a specified reference period. The food balance sheet shows for each food item i.e. each primary commodity availability for human consumption which corresponds to the sources of supply and its utilisation. The total quantity of foodstuffs produced in a country added to the total quantity imported and adjusted to any change in stocks that may have occurred since the beginning of the reference period gives the supply available during that period. On the utilisation side a distinction is made between the quantities exported, fed to livestock + used for seed, losses during storage and transportation, and food supplies available for human consumption. The per capita supply of each such food item available for human consumption is then obtained by dividing the respective quantity by the related data on the population actually partaking in it. Data on per capita food supplies are expressed in terms of quantity and by applying appropriate food composition factors for all primary and processed products also in terms of dietary energy value, protein and fat content. Food Balance Sheets are prepared for both individual countries and regional/economic country aggregates. The domain covers production, trade, feed and seed, waste, other utilisation and food availability and data is provided in quantity or calorie.
- Food and Agricultural Price Statistics
This domain covers Annual Producer Prices or prices received by farmers for primary crops, live animals and livestock primary products as collected at the farm-gate or at the first point of sale. Data are provided for over 130 countries and for some 200 commodities, representing over 97 percent of the world’s value of gross agricultural production (at 2004-2006 International Dollar Prices). This domain also covers Monthly Producer Prices, collected from 2010 onwards, and Annual Producer Price Indices, compiled for over 80 countries. Consumer Price Indices covering food items and all goods and services can also be found in this domain.
- Agricultural Resources
The Resources module considers factors of production for the agricultural sector. Broadly speaking, this section details how countries differ in endowments of the three classic inputs: labour, land and capital. Qualitative differences are important for each but are particularly difficult to summarise in a single indicator for land, the productivity of which depends heavily on water and soil conditions.
This domain currently provides data on: Fertilizers, Pesticides, Land, Machinery and Population.
- Forestry Production and Trade, Forestry Trade flows
The Forestry domain presents annual data for the production and trade (quantity and value) of 52 product categories that are grouped in the main seven categories: Woodfuel, Industrial roundwood, Wood chips and residues, Sawnwood, Wood-based panels, Pulp and recovered paper, and Paper and paperboard. Forestry trade flow data are presented by reporter and partner.