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Formosa may refer to:
- Ilha Formosa, literally meaning, "Beautiful Island", a Portuguese historical name for Taiwan Island
- Republic of Formosa, a short-lived republic in 1895 on the island of Formosa (now known as Taiwan)
- Formosa Strait, another name for the Taiwan Strait
- A fort built by the Portuguese in Malacca in the 16th century
- Dutch Formosa, the period of colonial Dutch government on Formosa (now known as Taiwan), lasting from 1624 to 1662
- Spanish Formosa, a Spanish colony established in the north of Taiwan from 1626 to 1642
- A'Famosa, a Portuguese fortress located in Malacca, Malaysia.Controlled by Portugal (1511–1641) Netherlands (1641–1795) Britain (1795–1807)
- Formosa Province, Argentina, which is the antipodes of northern Taiwan (also named Formosa).
- Formosa, Argentina, the capital of its namesake province
- Formosa, Goiás, Brazil (near Brasília in Goiás State)
- Diocese of Formosa, Argentina, Roman Catholic Diocese in Argentina
- Diocese of Formosa, Brazil, Roman Catholic Diocese in Brazil
- Bioko island, Equatorial Guinea, was named "Formosa" by Fernão do Pó.
- Formosa (Guinea-Bissau), an island in the Bissagos Islands, Guinea-Bissau
- A township on the Northern outskirts of Plettenberg Bay, South Africa
- Formosa Bay, or Bahia Formosa, an earlier name for the bay now known as Plettenberg Bay, South Africa
- Formosa Peak, or Peak Formosa, altitude 1675m, the highest point in the Tsitsikamma Mountains, South Africa
- The eastern city of Formosa is the home of Madame Tang and her dragon in the video game Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow based on the Disney films
- Formosa may also refer to a fictional country located on the island of Taiwan, but whose culture was invented by George Psalmanazar as a hoax.
- Formosan languages, the languages belonging to the Austronesian family of languages spoken by the indigenous people of the island of Formosa or Taiwan
- A surname found in the Maltese Islands
- Formosa (grape), a Portuguese wine grape
- Formosa Magazine
- Formosa Television, a major television network in Taiwan
- Formosa Plastics, a major corporation in Taiwan
- Formosa (film), a 2005 comedy
- Formosa Betrayed, a 2009 thriller film
- Formosa Cafe, a famous restaurant in Hollywood, California
- Formosan Mountain Dog, a breed of dog indigenous to Taiwan, commonly referred to as Formosan
- Ric Formosa, an Australian composer and musician
- Bosque Formosa Esporte Clube, a Brazilian football (soccer) club
- Formoza, Polish military unit
- Forumosa, an online forum about Taiwan
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