Forrest Sherman-class destroyer
USS Hull (DD-945)
|Name:||Forrest Sherman class destroyer|
|Builders:||Bath Iron Works
Bethlehem Steel Quincy
Puget Sound Bridge and Dredging Company
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Mitscher-class destroyer|
|Succeeded by:||Farragut-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||2,800 tons standard
4,050 tons full load
|Length:||407 ft (124 m) waterline
418 ft (127 m) overall
|Beam:||45 ft (14 m)|
|Draft:||22 ft (6.7 m)|
|Propulsion:||General Electric steam turbines (Westinghouse in DD-931)
4 × 1,200 psi (8.3 MPa) Foster-Wheeler boilers (Babcock and Wilcox in DD-937, DD-943, DD-944, DD-945, DD-946 and DD-948)
70,000 shp (52 MW), 2 × shafts.
|Speed:||32.5 knots (60.2 km/h)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)|
|Complement:||15 officers, 318 enlisted|
|Armament:||3 × 5 inch (127 mm) 54-calibre Mark 42 single gun mounts
4 × 3 inch (76 mm) 50-caliber Mark 33 guns
2 × Mark 10/11 Hedgehogs
4 × 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes.
The 18 Forrest Sherman-class destroyers were the first US post-war destroyers (DD-927 to DD-930 were completed as destroyer leaders). Commissioned beginning in 1953, these ships served until the late 1980s. Their weaponry underwent considerable modification during their years of service. Four were converted to guided missile destroyers. This class also served as the basis for the Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyer.
Three ships of the class have become museum ships, nine have been sunk in training exercises, and the others have been scrapped or are scheduled to be scrapped.
Nine ships were constructed by Bath Iron Works of Bath, Maine, five were built by Bethlehem Steel at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, two were built by Ingalls Shipbuilding at Pascagoula, Mississippi and two were built by Puget Sound Bridge and Dredging Company in Seattle, Washington. These destroyers were assigned hull numbers 931 to 951, but the series skipped over the numbers used to designate the war prizes DD-934 (the Japanese ex-Hanazuki), DD-935 (the German T-35), and DD-939 (the German Z-39).
At the time they entered service, these ships were the largest US destroyers ever built, 418 feet (127 m) long, with a standard displacement of 2800 tons. They were originally armed with 3 5-inch (127 mm)/54 caliber guns mounted in single turrets (one forward and two aft), 4 3-inch (76 mm)/50 caliber AA guns in twin mounts, as well as hedgehogs and torpedoes for ASW. However, over the years, weaponry was considerably modified. The hedgehogs and 3-inch (76 mm) guns were removed from all ships during the 1960s and 1970s. In addition the fixed torpedo tubes were replaced by two triple 12.75 inches (324 mm) Mark 32 torpedo tube mounts. Eight of the class were modernized to improve their ASW capabilities, becoming the Barry class. These ships were fitted with an eight cell ASROC launcher in place of the No. 2 5-inch (127mm) gun, and with a variable-depth sonar system.
As a test platform, the Hull (DD-945) carried the Navy's prototype 8"/55 caliber Mark 71 gun light-weight gun from 1975-1978 when the program was canceled, and the 5-inch mount was restored. USS Hull remains the only modern destroyer-type to carry an 8-inch (203 mm) gun.
Hull (DD-945) and later ships were equipped with B&W Bailey Meter Company's new automatic boiler combustion control system, and a modified hurricane bow/anchor configuration. These ships are listed as Hull-class destroyers in some references.
Of the 18 completed, nine were disposed of in fleet training exercises, five were sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, three are museums and one (Forrest Sherman) is awaiting scrapping.
Ships in class
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Commission–
|Forrest Sherman||DD-931||Bath Iron Works||1955–1982||Stricken, sold for scrapping 15 December 2014|||
|John Paul Jones||DD-932/DDG-32||Bath Iron Works||1956–1982||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 01/31/2001|||
|Barry||DD-933||Bath Iron Works||1956–1982||Stricken, retained by Navy as museum, 01/31/1983; now museum in Washington, D.C.|||
|Decatur||DD-936/DDG-31||Bethlehem Steel, Fore River Shipyard||1956–1983||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 07/21/2004|||
|Davis||DD-937||Bethlehem Steel, Fore River Shipyard||1957–1982||Disposed of, sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, 06/30/1994|||
|Jonas Ingram||DD-938||Bethlehem Steel, Fore River Shipyard||1957–1983||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 07/23/1988|||
|Manley||DD-940||Bath Iron Works||1957–1983||Disposed of, sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, 06/30/1994|||
|Du Pont||DD-941||Bath Iron Works||1957–1983||Disposed of, sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, 12/11/1992|||
|Bigelow||DD-942||Bath Iron Works||1957–1982||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 04/02/2003|||
|Blandy||DD-943||Bethlehem Steel, Fore River Shipyard||1957–1982||Disposed of, sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, 06/30/1994|||
|Mullinnix||DD-944||Bethlehem Steel, Fore River Shipyard||1958–1983||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 08/23/1992|||
|Hull||DD-945||Bath Iron Works||1958–1983||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 04/07/1998|||
|Edson||DD-946||Bath Iron Works||1958–1988||Donated as a museum/memorial; now museum in Bay City, Michigan|||
|Somers||DD-947/DDG-34||Bath Iron Works||1959–1982||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 07/22/1998|||
|Morton||DD-948||Ingalls Shipbuilding||1959–1982||Disposed of, sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, 03/04/1992|||
|Parsons||DD-949/DDG-33||Ingalls Shipbuilding||1959–1982||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 04/25/1989|||
|Richard S. Edwards||DD-950||Puget Sound Bridge and Dredging Company||1959–1982||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 04/10/1997|||
|Turner Joy||DD-951||Puget Sound Bridge and Dredging Company||1959–1982||Donated as a museum/memorial, 04/10/1991; now museum in Bremerton, WA|||
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