Fort Halifax (Maine)
HABS photo from 1936
|Location||On U.S. 201 west of Winslow, Winslow, Maine|
|Architectural style||No Style Listed|
|NRHP Reference #||68000015|
|Added to NRHP||November 24, 1968|
|Designated NHL||November 24, 1968|
Fort Richmond (Maine) would be rebuilt in 1740, attacked by another tribe in 1750, then dismantled in 1755 when forts Shirley (also called Frankfort), Western and Halifax were built upriver. Fort Halifax was a fort on the north bank of the Sebasticook River. Its blockhouse, which survives, is the oldest blockhouse in the United States. (The oldest blockhouse in North America is Fort Edward). It was part of a garrison built by the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1754-1755 at the outset of the French and Indian War. On July 25, 1754, Major General John Winslow arrived with a force of 600 soldiers to establish the fort at the confluence of the Kennebec River with the Sebasticook River. The palisaded defense was intended to prevent Canadiens and their Native American allies from using the Kennebec River valley as a route to attack English settlements.
On April 1, 1987, a flood dismantled the blockhouse. Some logs from it were found as far south as forty miles. The fort was reconstructed on the original site, with as much of the original materials as were recovered.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Fort Halifax". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Polly M. Rettig and Charles W. Snell (January 31, 1976). PDF (32 KB). National Park Service and PDF (32 KB)
- Fort Halifax on the Kennebec - Northern Outpost for the Massachusetts Bay Colony
- Fort Halifax, U.S. Route 201, Winslow, Kennebec County, ME: 2 photos, 13 drawings, 4 data pages, at Historic American Building Survey