Frankétienne (born Franck Étienne on April 12, 1936 in Ravine-Sèche, Haiti) is a writer, poet, playwright, painter, musician, activist and intellectual. is recognized as one of Haiti's leading writers and playwrights of both French and Haitian Creole. He has been recently called The father of Haitian letters by The New York Times (April 29, 2011). As a painter, he is known for his colorful abstract works, often emphasizing the colors blue and red. He was a candidate for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2009, and was made a Commander of the Arts and Letters in 2010.
Frankétienne was born in Ravine-Sèche, a small village in Haiti. He was abandoned by his father, a very rich American industrialist, at a young age and was raised by his mother in the Bel Air neighborhood of Port-au-Prince, where she worked as a street merchant to support her eight children, managing to send him, who was the eldest, to school.