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Jean Laposte 2.jpg
Born (1936-04-12) April 12, 1936 (age 79)
Ravine-Sèche, Haiti
Occupation Writer, poet, playwright, painter, musician
Notable awards Candidate for Nobel Prize in Literature in 2009.

Frankétienne (born Franck Étienne on April 12, 1936 in Ravine-Sèche, Haiti) is a writer, poet, playwright, painter, musician, activist and intellectual.[1][2] is recognized as one of Haiti's leading writers and playwrights of both French and Haitian Creole.[3] He has been recently called The father of Haitian letters by The New York Times (April 29, 2011).[4] As a painter, he is known for his colorful abstract works, often emphasizing the colors blue and red. He was a candidate for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2009, and was made a Commander of the Arts and Letters in 2010.[5]

Early life[edit]

Frankétienne was born in Ravine-Sèche, a small village in Haiti. He was abandoned by his father, a very rich American industrialist,[6][7] at a young age and was raised by his mother in the Bel Air neighborhood of Port-au-Prince, where she worked as a street merchant to support her eight children, managing to send him, who was the eldest, to school.[8]

Selected works[edit]

Untitled Frankétienne painting, oil on canvas
  • Au Fil du Temps – compilation of poems
  • Ultravocal – novel
  • Pèlin Tèt – play (written in Haitian Creole)
  • Dézafi – novel (first novel written in Haitian Creole)[9]
  • Mûr à Crever – novel
  • Les Affres d'un Défi – novel


  1. ^ "Frankétienne". Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Francketienne" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ Frankétienne and Rewriting: A Work in Progress. Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ "A Prolific Father of Haitian Letters, Busier Than Ever". Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Frankétienne". Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ "A Prolific Father of Haitian Letters, Busier Than Ever". Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Francketienne" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Francketienne" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ P. Schutt-Ainé, Haiti: A Basic Reference Book, 103

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Douglas, Rachel. Frankétienne and Rewriting: A Work in Progress. New York: Lexington Books, 2009.
  • Glover, Kaiama L. Haiti Unbound: A Spiralist Challenge to the Post-Colonial Canon. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2010.
  • Jonassaint, Jean. “Frankétienne, Écrivain haïtien,” Dérives 53/54 (1987)
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 103. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.