Frederick Maurice Watson Harvey

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Frederick Maurice Watson Harvey
Frederick Maurice Watson Harvey.jpg
Born 1 September 1888
Athboy, County Meath, Ireland
Died 24 August 1980 (aged 91)
Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada
Allegiance Canadian Red Ensign 1868-1921.svg Canada
Service/branch Canadian Army
Years of service 1915 – 1946
Rank Brigadier General
Commands held Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Victoria Cross
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross
Croix de Guerre (France)
Relations Thomas Arnold Harvey

Frederick Maurice Watson Harvey VC, CBE, MC, Croix de Guerre (born 1 September 1888, Athboy, County Meath, Ireland – died Fort Macleod, Alberta, 24 August 1980) was an Irish Canadian rugby union player and soldier. During the First World War, while serving in the Canadian Army, he was awarded the Victoria Cross, the Military Cross and the Croix de Guerre. He was later awarded a CBE. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Museum of the Regiments. It is the only VC currently on display in the world that shows both sides of the medal.

Educated at Portora Royal School and Ellesmere College,[1] Harvey played rugby for both Wanderers and Ireland. He is one of three Ireland rugby union internationals to have been awarded the Victoria Cross. The other two are Tom Crean and Robert Johnston, who both served in the Second Boer War. Like Harvey, Crean and Johnston also played for Wanderers.[2][3] His two brothers Arnold and Duncan [4] were also notable sportsmen. Both also represented Ireland at rugby,[5] while Arnold also represented Ireland at cricket and athletics.

Rugby international[edit]

Harvey made two senior appearances for Ireland. He played in the 1907 Home Nations Championship against Wales at Cardiff Arms Park, losing 29-0. His team mates on the day included James Cecil Parke and Basil Maclear. He played for Ireland for the second and last time in the 1911 Five Nations Championship at the Mardyke, winning 25-5 against France.[6][7][8]

Military career[edit]

Harvey first arrived in Canada in 1908 where he worked as a surveyor in northern Alberta and High River. On May 18, 1916 he enlisted in the 13th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, at Medicine Hat, Alberta. He was subsequently commissioned as a lieutenant and posted to the Western Front in 1916. He then transferred to Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), part of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade. Harvey was awarded the Victoria Cross following an incident on March 27, 1917 at the village of Guyencourt.

During an attack by his regiment on a village, a party of the enemy ran forward to a wired trench just in front of the village, and opened rapid fire and machine-gun fire at a very close range, causing heavy casualties in the leading troop. At this critical moment, when the enemy showed no intention whatever of retiring, and fire was still intense, Lt. Harvey, who was in command of the leading troops, ran forward well ahead of his men and dashed at the trench, skilfully manned, jumped the wire, shot the machine-gunner and captured the gun. His most courageous act undoubtedly had a decisive effect on the success of the operations

Harvey was originally awarded the Distinguished Service Order but this was later upgraded to a VC. In March 1918, Harvey was also awarded the Military Cross for the same action that earned Lt. Gordon Flowerdew the VC.

After the war Harvey remained with Lord Strathcona’s Horse and was promoted to captain in 1923. He then served as the Instructor in Physical Training at the Royal Military College of Canada from 1923 to 1927. In 1938, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and became the commanding officer of Lord Strathcona’s Horse. In 1939, he was made a brigadier general and commander of the 13th Alberta Military District.[9][10]

Photo by Terry Macdonald - September 1993

Later years[edit]

Harvey retired in December 1945, but maintained an active interest in horses as a judge of hunter and jumper competitions. He also served as Honorary Colonel of Lord Strathcona’s Horse from 1958 to 1966.[11]

He died aged 91 years and was buried at Union Cemetery in Fort Macleod, Alberta.

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