Frederick William Cumberland

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See also Cumberland (disambiguation), Cumberland (surname).

Frederick William Cumberland
Frederick William Cumberland.jpg
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Algoma
In office
1871–1872
Preceded by Wemyss Mackenzie Simpson
Succeeded by John Beverley Robinson
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for Algoma
In office
September 3, 1867 – December 23, 1874
Succeeded by Simon James Dawson
Personal details
Born (1821-04-10)April 10, 1821
London, England
Died August 5, 1881(1881-08-05) (aged 60)
Toronto, Ontario
Political party Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Conservative Party of Ontario
Profession civil engineer, architect

Frederick William Cumberland (10 April 1821 – 5 August 1881) was a Canadian engineer, architect and political figure. He represented the riding of Algoma in the 1st and 2nd Ontario Parliaments and in the Canadian House of Commons from 1871 to 1872.

Biography[edit]

William Cumberland was born in London, England in 1821, and grew up in Rathmines, Dublin, where his father was employed at Dublin Castle.[1] His mother died there. The family returned to London in the mid-1830s, and he studied at King's College School and apprenticed as a civil engineer. Starting in 1843, he was employed with the engineering department of the British Admiralty, working on the construction of dry docks and fortifications. In 1845, he married Wilmot Mary Bramley, whose sisters had married prominent men in the city of Toronto, and he came to that city with his wife in 1847.

Pendarvis on St. George St, Toronto was the home of Frederick Cumberland

He worked there as a surveyor and as engineer for the united counties of York and Peel. In partnership with Thomas Ridout, he designed Cathedral Church of St. James (Toronto) and School, the York County Court House and a Post Office.

Later, with William George Storm, he designed other important public buildings in the city. At the University of Toronto, he designed University College, Provincial Magnetic Observatory (1853–55); Director's Residence, 1858 which was demolished in 1901; and major additions and reconstruction of the Centre Block, 1856-59 of Osgoode Hall law courts.[2]

He designed residences for important people living in the city. He designed the Queen Street Wesleyan Chapel, 1856 which was demolished c. 1980. He also built several public buildings at Hamilton.[3]

During the 1850s, Cumberland became involved in railway management at the Ontario, Simcoe and Huron Railroad Union Company, later the Northern Railway Company, and other railway and related companies of the time. From 1868 Cumberland served as a director of the Rama Timber Transport Company. As was common at the time, he used railway money to gain the support of Members of Parliament and to help elect candidates favourable to their cause. After Cumberland's death, the Northern Railway Company was absorbed by the Grand Trunk Railway. He was also director at a number of banks and a member of the Toronto Board of Education. He also helped establish a new battalion in the local militia during the 1860s. He was a member of the senate of the University of Toronto. He was a freemason, becoming deputy grand master for the Toronto district.

He died in Toronto in 1881.

Works[edit]

Building Year Completed Builder Style Source Location Image
Ryerson University, then Toronto Normal School 1852 Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design) Gothic Revival architecture Romanesque 3 St James Square, bounded by Gerrard, Church, Younge and Gould, Toronto, Ontario NormalSchoolGould.jpg
Consumers' Gas Building 1852 Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design) Neo-Renaissance Revival 3 Toronto Street, Toronto, Ontario Consumers Gas Building.jpg
Adelaide Street Court House 1852 Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design) Greek Revival architecture 3 57 Adelaide Street East, Toronto, Ontario Adelaide Court.JPG
Toronto Street Post Office 1853 Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design) Greek Revival architecture 2, 3 10 Toronto Street, Toronto, Ontario 10 Toronto Street.JPG
Cathedral Church of St. James 1853 Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design) Gothic Revival architecture King and Church Streets, Toronto, Ontario Cathedral Church of St. James
Louis B. Stewart Observatory/Toronto Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory 1853–1857 Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm Gothic Revival architecture W, 15 12 Hart House Circle - University of Toronto, Kings College Circle, Toronto, Ontario Toronto Magnetic Observatory circa 1890.jpg
Former Upper Canada College campus (1854); additions to Resident School House, 1856; new Porter's Lodge, Bursar's Office, gates, fences and outbuildings (1857) [4] 1854-7 Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm Gothic Revival architecture King and Simcoe Streets in downtown Toronto 1879uppercanadacollege.png
University College, University of Toronto 1856–1859 Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm; David Dick (1892) Norman Romanesque 15 15 King's College Circle, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario UT University College.JPG
University College, University of Toronto Croft House 1859 Frederick William Cumberland (Design) William George Storm; Norman Romanesque 2 Kings College Circle, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario Croftchapterhouse utoronto.jpg
Chapel of St. James-the-Less, St. James Cemetery (Toronto) 1860 Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm (Design) Romanesque 2 Parliament Street, Toronto, Ontario ChapelStJamesCemeteryToronto.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simmins, Geoffrey (1997). Fred Cumberland: Building the Victorian Dream. University of Toronto Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8020-0679-0. 
  2. ^ http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1632 Frederick William Cumberland
  3. ^ http://www.heritagefdn.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_1_6142_1.html Ontario Heritage Trust Frederic W. Cumberland 1820-1881
  4. ^ http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1632 Frederic William Cumberland (architect)

External links[edit]