Fulford

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For people named Fulford, see Fulford (surname). For the village in Somerset, see Fulford, Somerset. For the town in Colorado, see Fulford, Colorado.
Fulford
St Oswald's Church - geograph.org.uk - 77129.jpg
St Oswald's Church, Fulford
Fulford is located in North Yorkshire
Fulford
Fulford
 Fulford shown within North Yorkshire
OS grid reference SE608495
   – London 175 mi (282 km)  S
Civil parish Fulford
Unitary authority City of York
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO10
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament York Outer
Website www.fulfordpc.org.uk
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°56′17″N 1°04′23″W / 53.938000°N 1.073000°W / 53.938000; -1.073000

Fulford is a historic village and civil parish on the outskirts of York, England. Situated to the south of the city, on the east bank of the River Ouse, it was the site of the 11th century Battle of Fulford. Present-day Fulford village is home to many who work at nearby University of York.

It is also home to Imphal Barracks, headquarters of the British Army's 15th Infantry Brigade; many soldiers and their families live in married quarters outside the barracks. Fulford is also a headquarters for the Royal Military Police.

History[edit]

Cavalry barracks were established in Fulford as early as 1795 but these have now been largely demolished.[1] The infantry barracks, now known as Imphal Barracks were built between 1877 and 1880.[1]

Fulford Cross, a 15th-century Grade II listed boundary cross stands opposite the barracks, beyond the present parish boundary.[2] The cross has been removed, but an octagonal shaft on a three-stepped pedestal remains.

In 1823 Fulford, known as "Fulford Gate", was a village in the parish of Fulford Ambo in the East Riding of Yorkshire and the Wapentake of Ouse and Derwent. Population at the time was 182, with occupations including two farmers, two blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, two shoemakers, a butcher, a tailor, a shopkeeper, a coal dealer, a corn miller, and the landlords of The Light Horseman, The Saddle, The Board, The Plough, and The Bay Horse public houses. Also within the village was a druggist, a manufacturing chemist, a schoolmaster, nine gentlemen, three gentlewomen, two bankers and seven yeomen. A school existed for 20 boys and girls. Within the parish of Fulford Ambo, and 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south of Fulford Gate, was the settlement of Fulford Water, with a population of 35 which included three farmers, and a gentleman at the Hall.[3]

Geography and governance[edit]

Almshouses in Fulford

According to the 2001 Census the parish had a population of 2,595. It used to be part of the Selby district but in 1996 it was transferred to become part of the newly created City of York Unitary Authority.[citation needed]

The modern village incorporates the old settlements of Water Fulford to the south and Gate Fulford on the road to York. The current civil parish is co-terminous with the unitary authority ward boundary. The parish is much reduced in size, having once extended north up the A19 past Fulford Barracks as far as Heslington Road and including York Cemetery. Between Fulford and the university is Walmgate Stray. Low-lying land near the River Ouse is prone to flooding.[citation needed]

The parish council maintains a website with local information which includes a directory of organisations and shops, a list of links and contact details for services, a guide to local issues and a record of parish council minutes.[4]

Education[edit]

Schools in the area include St. Oswald's Primary School and Fulford School, a Mathematics and Computing College.

Transport[edit]

Fulford main street is the A19. Near the intersection stands the York Designer Outlet shopping mall. A pedestrian Millennium Bridge with a cycle path was opened in 2001, linking Fulford to the South Bank area of York on the other side of the river.[citation needed] Several bus services operate between York and Fulford.

Sport[edit]

White Rose cycle route

Fulford Golf Club, which celebrated its centenary in 2006, was home to the Benson and Hedges International Open between 1971 and 1989. During the 1981 tournament, Bernard Langer climbed 20 feet (6.1 m) up an ash tree by the 17th green to play his third shot.[citation needed] York City F.C. were once based in Fulford, at their Fulfordgate stadium, before moving to the current Bootham Crescent stadium in 1932. The area is now occupied by Eastward Avenue and lies close to Fulford School.

A 6.4 miles (10.3 km) long scale model of the Solar System starts across the Ouse, west of Fulford, and runs via Naburn to Riccall along a disused railway line from York to Selby, now a Sustrans cycle path and part of the White Rose cycle route.[5]

The route of The White Rose Way, a long distance walk from Leeds to Scarborough also passes through Fulford.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A History of Imphal Barracks". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  2. ^ English Heritage. "Fulford Cross, Fulford Road (1257807)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Baines, Edward (1823): History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York, pp. 208–209
  4. ^ Fulford Parish Council York; Fulfordpc.org.uk. Retrieved 25 April 2012
  5. ^ "Cycle the Solar System"; Solar.york.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 April 2012
  6. ^ "Steve McClaren profile". The Football Association. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Fulford at Wikimedia Commons