Fusako Kitashirakawa

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Princess Fusako
周宮房子内親王
Princess Kane
HIH Kitashirakawa Fusako.jpg
Spouse Prince Naruhisa Kitashirakawa
Issue Prince Nagahisa Kitashirakawa
Princess Mineko Kitashirakawa
Princess Sawako Kitashirakawa
Princess Taeko Kitashirakawa
Full name
Fusako (房子?)
House Imperial House of Japan
Father Emperor Meiji
Mother Sono Sachiko
Born (1890-01-28)28 January 1890
Tokyo, Japan
Died 11 August 1974(1974-08-11) (aged 84)
Tokyo, Japan
Religion Shinto

Fusako Kitashirakawa (北白川房子 Kitashirakawa Fusako?), formerly Princess Kane (周宮房子内親王 Kane-no-miya Fusako Naishinnō?, 28 January 1890 – 11 August 1974), was the eleventh child and seventh daughter of Emperor Meiji of Japan and one of his consorts, Lady Sachiko.

Biography[edit]

Princess Fusako (left) and Princess Masako (right). Princess Fusako wearing a military uniform for women of the Army.

She was born in Japan, daughter of Emperor Meiji and Lady Sachiko. She held the childhood appellation "Kane no miya" (Princess Kane).

On April 29, 1909, Princess Kane married Prince Kitashirakawa (1887–1923), the son of Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa and Princess Tomiko. Prince Naruhisa succeeded as head of the house of Kitashirakawa-no-miya after the death of his father in November 1895 during the First Sino-Japanese War. Prince and Princess Kitashirakawa had one son and three daughters:

  1. Prince Nagahisa Kitashirakawa (北白川宮永久王 Higashikuni Nagahisa Ō?, 1910–1940)
  2. Princess Mineko Kitashirakawa (美年子女王 Mineko Joō?, 1910-1970); Married Viscount Tachibana Tanekatsu
  3. Princess Sawako Kitashirakawa (佐和子女王 Sawako Joō?, 1913-2001); Married Viscount Higashizono Motofumi
  4. Princess Taeko Kitashirakawa (多惠子女王 Taeko Joō?, 1920-1954); Married Tokugawa Yoshihisa.

In October 1947, the Kitashirakawa and the other branches of the Japanese Imperial Family were divested of their titles and privileges during the American occupation of Japan and became commoners. The former princess served as custodian and chief priestess of the Ise Shrine until her death on 11 August 1974, aged 84.

Titles and styles[edit]

Styles of
Fusako, Princess Kane
(before the abolition of titles in 1947)
Imperial Coat of Arms
Reference style Her Imperial Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
  • 28 January 1890 – 29 April 1909: Her Imperial Highness The Princess Kane
  • 29 April 1909 – 1 April 1923: Her Imperial Highness The Princess Kitashirakawa
  • 1 April 1923 – 14 October 1947: Her Imperial Highness The Dowager Princess Kitashirakawa
  • 14 October 1947 – 11 August 1974: Mrs. Naruhisa Kitashirakawa

Honours[edit]

National honours[edit]

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.