Gaius Marcius Censorinus (consul 8 BC)

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Gaius Marcius Censorinus (died c. AD 2) was a Roman Senator who was elected Roman consul in 8 BC.

Biography[edit]

A member of the Plebeian Censorini branch of the gens Marcia, Marcius Censorinus was the son of Lucius Marcius Censorinus, the consul of 39 BC. He was appointed as Triumvir monetalis sometime around 20 or 19 BC.[1] He was elected consul in 8 BC alongside Gaius Asinius Gallus Saloninus, but his election was clouded by accusations of electoral bribery; the emperor Augustus however refused to intervene.[2] During his consulship, he offered votive games to Jupiter Optimus Maximus for the return of Augustus who was touring the provinces at the time.[3] He also chaired the session of the Senate which voted to rename the month of Sextilis to August in honour of the emperor.[4]

In perhaps around 3 BC, Marcius Censorinus was appointed the proconsular governor of Asia.[5] It is conjectured that he was later the consular Legatus Augusti pro praetore (or imperial governor) of Galatia in around AD 2, where he hosted Gaius Caesar during his stay in the east. He died in that year, while still governor of Galatia.[6]

Marcius Censorinus was a patron of the city of Miletus, and in the city of Mylasa he was given the title of “saviour and founder”, and games called the Censorineia were held annually in his honour.[7][8] The poet Horace wrote an ode in his honour,[9] and he was praised by the Roman historian Marcus Velleius Paterculus as “vir demerendis hominibus genitus”.[10] He had no known children.

Political offices
Preceded by
Nero Claudius Drusus and Titus Quinctius Crispinus Sulpicianus
Consul of the Roman Empire
8 BC
with Gaius Asinius Gallus Saloninus
Succeeded by
Tiberius Claudius Nero II and Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Syme, pg. 395
  2. ^ Syme, pg. 79
  3. ^ Swan, pg. 60
  4. ^ Swan, pg. 68
  5. ^ Ronald Syme, C. Marcius Censorinus in the East, in Anatolica (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995), pp. 302–307
  6. ^ Syme, pgs. 61 & 397
  7. ^ Syme, pg. 69
  8. ^ Miriam Pucci Ben Zeev, Jewish Rights in the Roman World: The Greek and Roman Documents Quoted by Josephus Flavius (1998), pg. 246
  9. ^ Syme, pg. 71
  10. ^ Syme, pg. 424