Heterocongrinae

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Garden eels
Heteroconger hassi 1.JPG
The spotted Heteroconger hassi and striped Gorgasia preclara
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Congridae
Subfamily: Heterocongrinae
Genera

Gorgasia
Heteroconger

The garden eels are the subfamily Heterocongrinae in the conger eel family Congridae. The majority of garden eels live in the Indo-Pacific, but there are also species in warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean (including the Caribbean) and East Pacific.[1][2] These small eels live in burrows on the sea floor and get their name from their practice of poking their heads from their burrows while most of their bodies remain hidden. Since they tend to live in groups, the many eel heads "growing" from the sea floor resemble the plants in a garden. They vary greatly in colour depending on the exact species involved. The largest species reaches about 120 cm (47 in) in length, but most species do not surpass 60 cm (24 in).[1][2]

Species[edit]

Based on FishBase, there are about 35 species of garden eels in two genera:[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Gorgasia in FishBase. July 2012 version.
  2. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Heteroconger in FishBase. July 2012 version.