|Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad|
|Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad
The Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad (Gastrophryne olivacea) is a species of microhylid frog. They are found throughout much of the south central United States from the state of Nebraska south through Texas, and into northern Mexico. Though not a true toad, they are often referred to as toads, because they are terrestrial.
Great plains narrowmouth toads are a small (1.5 inches), flat-bodied species, with a sharply pointed snout. They are typically olive green to grey-brown in color, sometimes with black blotching. Their underside is lighter colored. Their skin secretions can cause severe burning pain if they get into your eyes, it is important wash your hands thoroughly after handling this frog.
Behavior & Habitat 
The great plains narrowmouth toad is found in a wide range of habitats, but most frequently in moist ground or leaf litter, and under rocks or fallen logs. They breed throughout the spring and summer months in pools of water left by rainfall. Their primary diet is ants.
G. olivacea was once considered a subspecies of the eastern narrowmouth toad, G. carolinensis, and when it was granted full species status it was divided into two separate subspecies for a time. The subspecies were eventually found to be the same.
- Santos-Barrera & Hammerson (2004). Gastrophryne olivacea. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is of least concern
- Herps of Texas: Gastrophryne olivacea
- Amphibian Species of the World: Gastrophryne olivacea