Gauche the Cellist
|Gauche the Cellist|
1982 Japanese edition, with artwork from the 1982 anime
(Sero Hiki no Gōshu)
|Genre||Fantastic, Juvenile, Philosophical, Parable|
|Written by||Kenji Miyazawa|
|Directed by||Yoshitsugu Tanaka|
|Produced by||Yoshitsugu Tanaka|
|Written by||Yoshitsugu Tanaka|
|Music by||Yoshitaka Sakamoto|
|Directed by||Matsue Jinbo|
|Written by||Matsue Jinbo|
|Music by||Yoshiko Nagase|
|Studio||Gakken Eiga Kyoku|
|Directed by||Isao Takahata|
|Produced by||Kōichi Murata|
|Written by||Isao Takahata|
|Music by||Michio Mamiya|
|Released||23 January 1982|
Gauche the Cellist (セロ弾きのゴーシュ Sero Hiki no Gōshu?, also transliterated Gorsch the Cellist or Goshu the Cellist) is a short story by the Japanese author Kenji Miyazawa. It is about Gauche, a struggling small town cellist who is inspired by his interactions with anthropomorphized animals to gain insight into music. The story has been translated into English, Italian and Spanish, and was adapted into a critically acclaimed anime in 1982 by Isao Takahata. It had previously been adapted to the screen several times.
Gauche is a diligent but mediocre cellist who plays for a small town orchestra (The Venus Orchestra, Japanese:金星音楽団, Kinsei Ongaku Dan) and the local cinema in the early 20th century. He struggles during rehearsals and is often berated by his conductor during preparations for an upcoming performance of Beethoven's Sixth Symphony (the Pastoral Symphony).
Over the course of four nights, Gauche is visited at his mill house home by talking animals as he is practicing. The first night, a tortoiseshell cat came to Gauche and, giving him a tomato, asked him to play Schumann's "Träumerei." Gauche was irritated, as the tomato was from his garden outside, so he berated the cat and instead played "Tiger Hunt in India." This startled the cat and made it leap up and down in astonishment. The cat ran away in fright.
The second night as he was practicing, a cuckoo came to him asking to practice scales to Gauche's cello accompaniment. Gauche repeatedly played "cuckoo, cuckoo," accompanied by the bird. Eventually, he felt that the cuckoo's song was better than his cello. Gauche chased the bird away, causing it to fly into his window, hitting its head.
The third night as he was practicing, a raccoon dog (Japanese: 狸, tanuki) came to him asking to practice the timpany to Gauche's cello accompaniment. As Gauche played "The Merry Master of a Coach Station," the tanuki hit the cello with a drum stick. The tanuki pointed out to Gauche that he played slowly despite trying to play speedily. The two left on good terms as the day broke.
The fourth night as he was practicing, a mother mouse came in with her baby, asking him to heal her sick son. When Gauche told her that he wasn't a doctor, she replied that the sound of his music had already healed a number of animals. Gauche put the sick little mouse into a hole of his cello and played a rhapsody. When Gauche was finished, the little mouse was able to run around. The mother mouse cried, thanked Gauche, and left.
The Sixth Symphony concert was a great success. In the dressing room, the conductor asked a surprised Gauche to play an encore. Upon hearing the applauding audience, Gauche thought he was being made a fool of and again played "Tiger Hunt in India." Afterward, everybody in the dressing room congratulated him.
When he came back to his house, he opened the window where the cuckoo had hit its head and felt sorry for his actions. The ending scenes shows the animals and Gauche at peace, playing to the music of the Pastoral symphony.
In 1982, the novel was adapted into animation by a Japanese animation studio, Oh! Production. It was directed and written for the screen by Isao Takahata, who would later found Studio Ghibli with Hayao Miyazaki. Kōichi Murata was the executive producer. Gauche's voice actor was Hideki Sasaki and the cat's voice actor was Fuyumi Shiraishi. The lead key animator, Shunji Saida, took cello lessons so that he could accurately capture finger movements. The 63 minute film took 6 years to complete and was highly acclaimed as one of the best film adaptations of Miyazawa's works.
A Region 2 NTSC DVD was released in Japan in 2000 by Pioneer with English subtitles. Pioneer re-released for the Japanese market in 2003. A Region 2 PAL DVD was released in France by L.C.J. in 2001, containing a French audio track. Studio Ghibli and Buena Vista Home Entertainment re-released it as a double-disc DVD in 2006, the 110th anniversary of Miyazawa's birth (Ghibli released its adaptation of Kenji Miyazawa's Taneyamagahara no Yoru on the same date). The 2006 release contained Dolby Digital audio and English subtitles.
The story had previously been adapted for the screen three times, in 1949, 1953, and 1963. The 1949 adaptation was animated and was directed by Yoshitsugu Tanaka and produced by Ichirou Ono of Nippon Eiga (Japanese: 日本映画). The 1953 adaptation was produced using puppets and dolls and was directed by Kenjiro Morinaja. The 1963 adaptation was animated and was directed by Matsue Jinbo and produced by Masatsugu Hara of Gakken Eiga Kyoku.
Gauche the Cellist was translated into English by John Bester, along with several other short stories, in Once and Forever, the Tales of Kenji Miyazawa, published by Kodansha International in 1994. It was released in both hardcover (ISBN 4770017804) and paperback (ISBN 4770021844) editions. Both editions are out of print.
- Adapted from synopsis at The World of Kenji Miyazawa
- CINEMASIE.COM, Gauche the Cellist
- DanielThomas.org, Review of Gauche the Cellist
- Nausicaa.Net, Gauche the Cellist information page
- Nausicaa.net Information on video releases
- DVD talk, Cello Hiki no Gauche
- Ghibli World, 15th of July, Hayao Miyazaki's New Film Taneyamagahara no Yoru & Serohiki no Goshu Release Special
- "セロひきのゴーシュ" [Gauche the Cellist] (in Japanese). AllCinema Movie & DVD Database. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- JMDB Yoshitsugu Tanaka's 1949 animation of Gauche the Cellist
- IMDB, Kenjiro Morinaja's 1953 adaptation of Gauche the Cellist
- JMDB Matsue Jinbo's 1963 animation of Gauche the Cellist
The original work
- Full text of Gauche the Cellist in the original Japanese from the Aozora electronic library
- Full text in Japanese with English translation
- Amazon.com page for Once and Forever, the Tales of Kenji Miyazawa, published by Kodansha International, 1994, ISBN 4-7700-1780-4
- 梅津時比古, "セロ弾きのゴーシュの音楽論" (Musical theory of Gauche the Cellist), Tokyo Shoseki, 2003, ISBN 978-4-487-79862-9
- 梅津時比古, "ゴーシュという名前" (The Name of Gauche), Tokyo Shoseki, 2005, ISBN 978-4-487-80111-4
- 横田庄一郎 (Yokota Shoichiro), "チェロと宮沢賢治" (Kenji Miyazawa, Cello), Shoichiro, Ongaku no tomo sha, 1998, ISBN 978-4-276-21044-8
- 佐藤泰平 (Taihei Satou), "宮沢賢治の音楽" (Kenji Miyazawa's Music), Chikuma Shobo Publishing、1995 ISBN 978-4-480-81369-5
- IMDB page on Isao Takahata's 1982 animation of Gauche the Cellist
- JMDB page on Isao Takahata's 1982 animation of Gauche the Cellist
- IMDB page on Yoshitsugu Tanaka's 1949 animation of Gauche the Cellist
- JMDB page on Yoshitsugu Tanaka's 1949 animation of Gauche the Cellist
- IMDB page on Kenjiro Morinaga's 1953 puppet adaptation of Gauche the Cellist
- JMDB page on Matsue Jinbo's 1963 animation of Gauche the Cellist