Georg Rickhey

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Georg Rickey under arrest in June, 1947
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

Georg Johannes Rickhey (25 August 1898 in Hildesheim - 1966) was a German engineer and the general director of Mittelwerk GmbH in Dora-Mittelbau.

Rickhey, a doctor of engineering, joined the Nazi Party in October 1931 as member number 664,050. During the Second World War he held a number of positions with the Reichsministerium für Bewaffnung und Munition (Reich Ministry for Armament and Munitions) before becoming manager of Demag, a tank production company, in 1942.[1]

He became head of Mittelwerk GmbH in Dora-Mittelbau from April 1944, overseeing production of the V-1 flying bomb and V-2 rocket.[2] His work on these weapons saw him awarded the Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross along with Walter Dornberger and Wernher von Braun.[3]

Arrested in 1945, he was taken by the U.S. Army to live at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio where he worked under the terms of Operation Paperclip.[1] He was subsequently indicted as part of the Dachau Trials of 1947 under accusations that he had worked closely with the SS and Gestapo and witnessed executions. A lack of evidence however saw Rickhey acquitted.[4] He did not return to his work in the United States.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich: Wer war was vor und nach 1945., Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 496
  2. ^ Jens-Christian Wagner: Produktion des Todes: Das KZ Mittelbau-Dora, Göttingen 2001, p. 198f
  3. ^ Peenemünde in 1944
  4. ^ Vgl. Robert Sigel: Im Interesse der Gerechtigkeit. Die Dachauer Kriegsverbrecherprozesse 1945-48., Frankfurt am Main 1992, pp. 16 ff., pp. 99f.
  5. ^ Piszkiewicz, Dennis (2007). "The Nazi Rocketeers: Dreams of Space and Crimes of War". Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books. p. 232. Retrieved 1 May 2014.