George A. Taylor

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George Arthur Taylor
George A.Taylor.jpg
Brigadier General Taylor in 1945
Born (1899-02-14)February 14, 1899
Flat Rock, Illinois
Died December 3, 1969(1969-12-03) (aged 70)
Palo Alto, California
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1922-1946
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General[1]
Unit 26th Infantry Regiment
16th Infantry Regiment
US 1st Infantry Division 1st Infantry Division
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal (2)
Purple Heart[2]

George Arthur Taylor[3] (February 14, 1899 — December 3, 1969) was a Brigadier General of the United States Army. He is most famous for the leadership of his men during Omaha Beach landing. Then he served as a commander of the 16th Infantry Regiment and proved an extraordinary heroism, for which he was awarded Distinguished Service Cross.[4]

He served most of his career during World War II with U.S. 1st Infantry Division, where he was assigned as deputy commander of the division.

Prewar years[edit]

George Arthur Taylor was born in the small village Flat Rock, Illinois, in the southeast of Illinois. He was a graduate of the United States Military Academy, class of 1922, and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant.

During 30s, Taylor held a variety of infantry assignments, beginning with infantry unit at Fort Sam Houston in Texas, and continued with posts in Hawaii, Washington, North Dakota, and San Francisco.

In 1937, he was finally detached to the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth for further staff training until the next year. Then he returned to the field duty and was assigned to the Fort William McKinley at the Philippines, where he served with the Philippine Scouts.

After returning from the Philippines, Taylor was assigned to the 16th Infantry Regiment, where he was promoted to the Intelligence Officer of the 1st Battalion. In June 1941, he was transferred for a short while to the Caribbean, where he served with US Forces at the Headquarters as assistant chief of staff.

After a month of service, he returned to the United States and became Instructor of tactics at the Infantry School in Fort Benning, Georgia.

Second World War[edit]

After entry of US into the war, Taylor was transferred to the North Africa, where he served as a staff member of Advanced Echelon Amphibious Forces, Atlantic Fleet, and in October as a staff member to the Naval Operating Base Commander in Oran, Algeria. In February 1943, Taylor briefly led 26th Infantry Regiment and on 20 April of the same year, he was transferred back to the 16th Infantry Regiment, where he replaced Colonel d'Alary Fechet as the new Regimental Commander.

He then commanded the Regiment during Allied invasion of Sicily and Omaha Beach.

Omaha Beach[edit]

He arrived on the beach in a later wave, about 0800. A colonel at the time, he was still the regimental commander for the 16th Infantry Regiment, which took many casualties in the initial assault. He found the remnants of his exhausted and shell-shocked men pinned down along the seawall. He was able to motivate, organize and lead the attack inland.

His famous quote from Omaha Beach:

"There are two kinds of people who are staying on this beach: those who are dead and those who are going to die. Now let’s get the hell out of here."[5]

Taylor is sometimes confused with General Norman Cota, who was also on the beach that day, but in a different sector with a different unit, the U.S. 29th Infantry Division. Both officers rallied the troops under fire. In the film The Longest Day General Cota (played by Robert Mitchum) was given Taylor's line.

Distinguished Service Cross[edit]

For this action, George Taylor was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. The official U.S. Army citation for Taylor's Distinguished Service Cross reads:

General Orders: Headquarters, First U.S. Army, General Orders No. 31 (July 1, 1944)
Action Date: 6-Jun-44
Name: George A. Taylor
Service: Army
Rank: Colonel
Company: Commanding Officer
Regiment: 16th Infantry Regiment
Division: 1st Infantry Division
Citation: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Colonel (Infantry) George A. Taylor (ASN: 0-14922), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Commanding Officer of the 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against enemy forces on 6 June 1944, in France. Colonel Taylor landed during the most crucial and threatening period of the invasion operation. Thousands of men lay huddled on a narrow beachhead, their organizations and leaders cut down by the disastrous enemy fire. Without hesitation, unmindful of the snipe and machine gun fire which was sweeping the beach, Colonel Taylor began to reorganize the units. While continuously exposed to this murderous fire, Colonel Taylor never slackened in his efforts in directing and coordinating the attack. By his initiative and leadership, he was able to clear an exit from the beach and begin moving groups of men from the crowded beachhead. This was the only exit opened in the early part of the assault and subsequent events proved it to be one of the most vital points contributing to the success of this operation. The high professional skill and outstanding courage exhibited by Colonel Taylor exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, the 1st Infantry Division, and the United States Army.[6]

End of the War[edit]

Taylor was promoted to Brigadier General on 1 August 1944 and became the assistant commander of the 1st Division from Oct 1944 to July 1945.

During the final days of the War, U.S. 1st Infantry Division reached the area of western Bohemia, near the city of Karlovy Vary. German XII Army Corps under command of general of artillery Herbert Osterkamp was located in this area and surrendered to the Western Allies. Command of U.S. 1st Division accepted the German surrender and arranged a meeting in the nearby town of Loket. The representatives of the U.S. forces present were Brig. General Taylor, Col. Harrold and Maj. Wich. On the German side, it was general Osterkamp and some other staff officers.

When General Taylor checked the surrender document, he noted that the place of surrender was written as city "Elbogen, Sudetenland". Taylor struck out the location "Elbogen, Sudetenland," adding a note "does not exist," and wrote "Loket, Czechoslovakia" instead, changing its name back to before the Nazi invasion. This act brought him great respect in Czechoslovakia.[7]

Postwar Life[edit]

General Taylor stayed with 1st Division in Europe during the rest of the year 1945 and finally retired in 1946 with the rank of Brigadier General on health grounds. Brigadier General George Taylor died on 3 December 1969 in the city of Palo Alto, California, after prolonged illness caused by a stroke.

Director Samuel Fuller served under Taylor during the war and mentioned his name in several of his films.

Medals and decorations[edit]

Combat Infantry Badge.svg Combat Infantryman Badge
Distinguished Service Cross
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit with one Oak Leaf Cluster
Bronze Star Medal
Purple Heart
Presidential Unit Citation
World War I Victory Medal
Bronze star
American Defense Service Medal with Base Clasp
American Campaign Medal
Arrowhead
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 4 service stars and Arrowhead device
World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
French Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with Palm
Czechoslovak Order of the White Lion
Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]