Georgia Neese Clark

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Georgia Neese Clark
Georgia Neese Clark cph.3f05813.jpg
29th Treasurer of the United States
In office
June 21, 1949 – January 27, 1953
President Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by William Alexander Julian
Succeeded by Ivy Baker Priest
Personal details
Born (1898-01-27)January 27, 1898
Richland, Kansas, U.S.
Died October 26, 1995(1995-10-26) (aged 97)
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) George M. Clark (1929-40's, divorced)
Andrew J. Gray
Children none
Parents Albert Neese
Ella Sullivan Neese
Alma mater Washburn University

Georgia Neese Clark Gray (January 27, 1898 – October 26, 1995) was the first woman Treasurer of the United States, serving from 1949 to 1953. No subsequent Treasurer has been a man.

Early life[edit]

Georgia Neese was the daughter of Albert Neese, a farmer and businessman, and Ella Sullivan Neese, a simple stay at home mother. Her father, a self-made man, had prospered in the years before her birth and become the town's leading citizen, owning much of its property as well as the bank and general store. The family owned homes in Richland and in nearby Topeka where Neese attended high school graduating in 1917. Neese was a Presbyterian but she briefly attended Bethany College, an Episcopalian school for women in Topeka, before transferring to Washburn University.

Neese majored in economics at Washburn and was a member of several student organizations. She was president of the drama club and a member of the Upsilon chapter of Alpha Phi. Determined to become an actress, she moved to New York City following graduation in 1921 and enrolled at the Franklin Sargent School of Dramatic Art.

Acting career[edit]

Georgia Neese began her acting career with various stock companies. Gray pursued an acting career from 1921 to 1931, living in New York City, getting to know Helen Hayes and Charlie Chaplin, touring the country and earning $500 a week. When the Depression and the onset of "talkies", motion pictures with sound, cut short her stage career, she returned home to care for her ailing father.

Family business[edit]

Gray started working at her father's Richland State Bank as an assistant cashier in 1935. At the death of her father in 1937, she inherited control and the presidency of Richland State Bank, as well as the family's general store, grain elevator, lumber yard, insurance agency, many farms and other real estate.

Political background[edit]

Gray was active in the state Democratic Party and was elected Democratic National Committee member from Kansas in 1936, a position she held until 1964. She was an articulate and well-liked representative of the party and an early supporter of Harry Truman. It was this support that brought about her nomination as the first woman to be Treasurer of the United States from 1949-1953.

Later career[edit]

The entire town of Richland was purchased by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the late 1960s as a part of the land acquired for Clinton Lake. By 1974 the town was vacated and the remaining buildings were demolished shortly thereafter. After the project was announced, the Government was slow to proceed leaving property owners unsure if they should maintain their properties and unable to sell in order to relocate. Gray played a significant role in urging Congress to provide funds for the project so property owners could get on with their lives. She relocated the Richland State Bank to Topeka and renamed it Capital City State Bank, which was later changed to Capital City Bank. By the end of the twentieth century it had established several branches throughout the capital city.

Marriages[edit]

She acquired a manager named George M. Clark, who became her first husband in 1929. Although the marriage ended in divorce in the mid-1940s, she continued to be known as Georgia Neese Clark for a time even after her second marriage. In 1953 she married Andrew J. Gray, a journalist and press agent.

She had no children.

Posthumous[edit]

Gray died on October 26, 1995, aged 97, and is interred at Pleasant Hill Cemetery, located at approximately 87th and Ratner Road, 1.5 miles south and 3 miles east of Berryton, Kansas.

The Georgia Neese Gray Performance Hall at the Topeka Performing Arts Center is named after her.

The Georgia Neese Gray Award is reserved for presentation to Kansans who have served in elected office at the municipal and/or county level and who have performed outstanding service to their local community in the pursuit of the principles of the Kansas Democratic Party. Such service commends a lengthy and broad participation in public service endeavors to the city, county and state. This award shall be considered the highest honor which can be bestowed by the Kansas Democratic Party to its municipal and county elected officials.

On February 6, 2008 she was inducted into the Topeka Business Hall of Fame.

Clark's signature, as used on American currency

References[edit]

Preceded by
William Alexander Julian
Treasurer of the United States
1949–1953
Succeeded by
Ivy Baker Priest