German election, November 1933

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German federal election, November 1933
Nazi Germany
March 1933 ←
12 November 1933
→ March 1936

All 661 seats in the Reichstag
331 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 95.30%
  Majority party


  Adolf Hitler-1933.jpg


Leader Adolf Hitler
Party NSDAP
Leader since 29 July 1921
Last election 288 seats, 43.91%
Seats won 661
(Sole legal party)
Seat change Increase373
Popular vote 39,655,224
Percentage 92.11%
Swing Increase48.20%

German Reichstag, November 1933.svg

Reichstag composition

Chancellor before election

Adolf Hitler
NSDAP

Subsequent Chancellor

Adolf Hitler
NSDAP

Parliamentary elections in Germany took place on 12 November 1933. They were the second under Nazi Party rule, and the first since Adolf Hitler effectively seized dictatorial powers with the passage of the Enabling Act. All opposition parties had been banned by this time, and voters were presented with a single list containing Nazis and 22 non-party "guests" of the Nazi Party. Such delegates, who included the likes of Alfred Hugenberg, still fully supported the Hitler regime however.[1]

This election set the tone for all further elections and referenda held in the Nazi era. The vote was held in far-from secret circumstances, and in several areas voters were threatened with reprisals if they failed to vote or dared to vote no. Nonetheless, 3.3 million voters submitted 'invalid' ballots. These elections were held on the same day as a separate referendum on Hitler's decision to pull Germany out of the League of Nations, which passed with similar numbers. The new Reichstag, exclusively composed of NSDAP members and sympathisers, convened on 12 December to elect a Presidium headed by President of the Reichstag Hermann Göring.

Election poster with the slogan One People, One Leader, One "Yes".

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
National Socialist German Workers Party 39,655,224 92.11 661
Against 3,398,249 7.89
Invalid/blank votes
Total 43,053,473 100 661
Registered voters/turnout 45,178,701 95.30
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Read, Anthony (2004). The Devil's Disciples: The Lives and Times of Hitler's Inner Circle. London: Pimlico. p. 344. ISBN 0-7126-6416-5. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Schulz, Gerhard (1982). Deutschland seit dem Ersten Weltkrieg 1918–1945. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. pp. 144–145. ISBN 3-525-33472-9. 
  • Winkler, Heinrich August (2005). Der lange Weg nach Westen 2. Bonn. pp. 32–33. ISBN 3-89331-575-6.