Glaucous macaw

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Glaucous macaw
Anodorhynchus glaucus.jpg
Illustration by Bourjot Saint-Hilaire
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Anodorhynchus
Species: A. glaucus
Binomial name
Anodorhynchus glaucus
(Vieillot, 1816)

The glaucous macaw (Anodorhynchus glaucus) is a large all blue South American parrot, a member of a large group of Neotropical parrots known as macaws. This macaw, generally believed to be extinct, was closely related to the Lear's macaw A. leari and the hyacinth macaw A. hyacinthinus. In Guaraní, it was called guaa-obi after its vocalizations.

Description[edit]

Glaucous macaw (behind hyacinth macaw) and other macaws
Illustration of glaucous macaw (foreground) with Spix's macaw in Hamburg, 1895

The glaucous macaw is 70 centimetres (28 in) long. It is mostly pale turquoise-blue with a large greyish head. The term glaucous describes its colouration. It has a long tail and a large bill. It has a yellow, bare eye-ring and half-moon-shaped lappets bordering the mandible.[2]

Range and decline[edit]

This bird was native to north Argentina, south Paraguay, Chaco and llano region of Bolivia drew near to the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra,[3] north-east Uruguay and Brazil. It became rare during the 19th century due to trapping and loss of habitat, and only two possible reports of wild birds were received in the 20th century. Expeditions by ornithologists to southwestern Paraguay during the 1990s failed to turn up any evidence that the bird was still in existence. Furthermore, only the oldest residents of the region had knowledge of the macaw, with the species last recorded in the 1870s.[1] It is most probable that the bird's disappearance is linked to trapping of live adults for the wild bird trade and the wholesale felling of the Yatay palm, Butia yatay, whose nuts appear to have constituted its main food. However, suitable habitat remains in El Palmar National Park in the Argentine province of Entre Ríos as well as southern Brazil, however, no rumours of the bird's continued existence in the past several decades have been proven credible. A search conducted by Joe Cuddy and Tony Pittman in the mid nineties concluded that the birds were extinct in their former range. Rumours persisted that blue macaws were seen in Argentina and Bolivia with a dealer in Rosario(ARG) offering live specimens. The late George Smith gave many talks rich in conservation information on macaws including this species which he stated was not extinct in the wild but existed in remote areas of Bolivia where he had encountered trappers who could identify this species. Moreover, he stated that stands of pure palm existed as far as the eye could see when he flew over the area which is yet to be investigated.

References[edit]

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