Glen Cove, New York

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Glen Cove, New York
City
City of Glen Cove
Glen Cove (steamboat).jpg
Glen Cove location in Nassau County: the city is bounded by Long Island Sound on the north and the Town of Oyster Bay on the east, south and west
Glen Cove location in Nassau County: the city is bounded by Long Island Sound on the north and the Town of Oyster Bay on the east, south and west
Glen Cove, New York is located in New York
Glen Cove, New York
Glen Cove, New York
Glen Cove location in Nassau County: the city is bounded by Long Island Sound on the north and the Town of Oyster Bay on the east, south and west
Coordinates: 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778Coordinates: 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Reginald Spinello
 • Councilman Efraim Spagnoletti
 • Police Chief Jeffrey Mellone
 • Town Crier Jospeh Paek
 • Secretary of the Treasury Frank Bellock
Area
 • Total 19.3 sq mi (49.9 km2)
 • Land 6.6 sq mi (17.2 km2)
 • Water 12.6 sq mi (32.6 km2)
Elevation 23 ft (7 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,964
 • Density 4,006.0/sq mi (1,546.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 11542
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-29113
GNIS feature ID 0977339
Website www.glencove-li.us

Glen Cove is a city in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. As of the United States 2010 Census, the city population was 26,964.

Part of the early 20th century Gold Coast of the North Shore, Glen Cove has a diverse population. Glen Cove is one of the two of Nassau County's five municipalities that is a city, rather than a town. The other city in Nassau County is Long Beach on the South Shore.

Glen Cove was the location of several successful manufacturing facilities in the 20th century.

Geography[edit]

The city is on the north shore of Long Island, adjacent to Long Island Sound. The hills that stretch along the north shore of Long Island are terminal moraines left by glaciers of the last ice age.

Glen Cove is located at 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778 (40.867326, −73.627738).[1]

The City of Glen Cove is bordered on three sides by the Town of Oyster Bay. To the north, the city is bordered by Long Island Sound.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles (50 km2), of which, 6.7 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 12.6 square miles (33 km2) of it (65.51%) is water.

The Glen Cove's sister city is Sturno, an Italian city situated near Naples.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census,[2] Glen Cove is 74.2% White (59.4% non-Hispanic white), 7.2% Black, 4.6% Asian, 10.1% some other race, 3.2% two or more races, 0.4% Native American, and 0.1% Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. Hispanics or Latinos of any race make up 27.9% of the population.[3]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 26,622 people, 9,461 households, and 6,651 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,006.0 people per square mile (1,545.7/km²). There were 9,734 housing units at an average density of 1,464.7 per square mile (565.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.28% White, 26.40% African American, 0.29% Native American, 4.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.72% from other races, and 23.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.0% of the population.

There were 9,461 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $89,000 and the median income for a family was $108,000. Males had a median income of $61,900 versus $40,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,627.

Government[edit]

The mayor is Reginald Spinello who succeeds Ralph V. Suozzi, cousin of former Nassau County Executive Thomas Suozzi.

Oyster Bay had jurisdiction over the area from the 1680s until 1917 when Glen Cove became an independent city.[5] Glen Cove has its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services. The fire department and emergency medical services are volunteer agencies. The Office of Emergency Management is responsible for the planning, coordination and response to natural and man-made emergencies that occur within the City of Glen Cove.

History[edit]

Succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples had lived in the area for thousands of years. At the time of European contact, the Lenape (Delaware) nation inhabited western Long Island, the areas of New York and New Jersey around the harbor and along the coast through present-day Pennsylvania and Delaware, as well as along the Delaware River. They spoke an Algonquian language. By 1600 the band inhabiting the local area was called the Matinecock after their location, but they were Lenape people, as were all the Native Americans living on western Long Island.

Glen Cove was used as a port by English migrants from New England and named "Moscheto" before 1668. On May 24, 1668 Joseph Carpenter of Warwick, Rhode Island purchased about 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of land to the northwest of the Town of Oyster Bay from the Matinecock. Later in that year he admitted four co-partners into the project: three Coles brothers, Nathaniel, Daniel, and Robert; and Nicholas Simkins, all residents of Oyster Bay. The five young men named the settlement Musketa Cove. In the Lenape language musketa meant “place of rushes.” The five men are considered the five original proprietors of Musketa Cove Plantation.[6]

19th Century[edit]

In the 1830s, steamboats started regular service on Long Island Sound between New York City and Musketa Cove, arriving at a point still called "The Landing." As "Musketa" was negatively associated with mosquito, in 1834 village residents changed the name to Glen Cove (said to be the misheard suggestion "Glencoe", after the Scottish glen) now Glencoe, Scotland.[5][7] The village added population as workers arrived for jobs at the Duryea Corn Starch factory, which operated until 1900. The name "Duryea" was once suggested as a village name to replace Mosquito Cove but rejected.[8]

By 1850 the village of Glen Cove had become a popular summer resort community for New York City residents. The Long Island Railroad was extended to Glen Cove in 1867, providing quicker, more frequent service to New York City. The availability of the train and the town's location on Long Island Sound made it attractive to year-round residents, and the population increased.[6] On June 8, 1917, Glen Cove became an independent city, separating from the Town of Oyster Bay after 250 years.[5]

The vistas afforded of Long Island Sound from the town's rolling hills attracted late 19th-century wealthy industrial barons, including Charles Pratt and his sons, J. P. Morgan, and F. W. Woolworth. They built large private estates along the island's North Shore. This expanse of settled wealth was part of what would become known in the 1920s as the Gold Coast. Part of the Morgan property was donated to the city and is now Morgan Park and Beach.[6]

20th Century[edit]

Most of the mansions were adapted to other purposes before the mid-20th century. Winfield Hall, the former home of F.W. Woolworth, is privately owned. Altogether, five Pratt families owned about 5,000 acres (20 km2) in the area. John T. Pratt's estate ("The Manor," designed by Charles A. Platt) is now operated as the Glen Cove Mansion Hotel and Conference Center. The Braes, the country estate of his son Herbert L. Pratt, was purchased by the Webb Institute in 1945. After renovation, it opened the facility in 1947 as an established specialty college for naval architecture and engineering.[9] George DuPont Pratt's estate, Killenworth, was purchased by the Soviet Union government for use by its United Nations delegation. The Russians have used it for decades to house visitors and as a weekend retreat for its UN staff. When in the United States for meetings at the United Nations, both Nikita Khrushchev, then premier of the Soviet Union, and Fidel Castro, then president of Cuba, separately stayed at Killenworth.

Like many other suburbs, Glen Cove grew rapidly in population after World War II, when new residential developments were completed that replaced pastureland and farms with subdivisions. Many residents were second and third-generation descendants of eastern and southern European immigrants, and had moved out from childhood homes in Queens or Brooklyn.

In the late 20th century, immigrants to the city have been generally from Latin America and eastern Asia. A Sikh gurdwara established in Glen Cove draws from the ethnic East Asian population in the area.

Old Glen Cove Post Office on 51 Glen Street, NRHP listed in 2010, now an architect's office

The U.S. Post Office at Glen Cove was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. The Justice Court Building, the former city court and later city hall and police headquarters, was added in 1990.[10] It has been renovated and adapted for use as the North Shore Historical Museum.

Industry[edit]

Post World War II, new manufacturing and industrial investments were made. Glen Clove Creek was channelized in the early 20th century by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Various industries located on its shore from 1942 to approximately 1984. Li Tungsten produced tungsten powder and tungsten carbide powder, along with other specialty products.[11] The company was first known as Wah Chang Smelting and Refining Company, and later as Teledyne Wah Chang.[12]

Columbia Ribbon and Carbon Manufacturing Company produced blue printing inks, carbon paper and typing ribbon until 1980. The company was noted to have opened a research laboratory at the site in 1932.[13]

Powers Chemco Inc. was a manufacturer of photographic equipment and supplies. In 1987 it was renamed Chemco Technologies, Inc., which was subsequently purchased and renamed Konica Imaging U.S.A., Inc., now known as Konica Minolta Holding USA Inc. The company closed its factory in 2006, moving to a site in Michigan.[14]

In 1953 and 1958, Pall Corporation established manufacturing facilities for their filtration products. One site was occupied until 1999, the other until 1971, when the building was sold to August Thomsen Corp.[15] Photocircuits Corporation began manufacturing circuit boards in 1951. The company employed 740 workers at the time of its closing in 2007.[16] Another company, Slater Electric, manufactured electrical wiring devices.[17]

In 1956, Slater Electric began manufacturing electric switches and wiring. In 1988, Pass and Seymour manufactured electric components using an injection molding process.[18]

Former Gladsky Marine, a marina and marine repair facility along Glen Cove Creek, was in operation from the early 1970s until its closure in 1999. The remediation of semi-volatile organic compounds and metals from the facility was completed by a revitalization project, completed in 2010.[19]

Economy[edit]

Acclaim Entertainment had its headquarters in One Acclaim Plaza,[20] located in Glen Cove. Acclaim bought the three-story, 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2), Class A office building in 1994 for $4 million.[21]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The city of Glen Cove and its residents are served by the Glen Cove City School District. Children who live in the City attend the Eugene J. Gribbin/ Katherine A. Deasy Elementary schools for grades K-2 (pre-k offered at Deasy), Landing/ Margaret. A. Connolly schools for grades 3–5, Robert M. Finley Middle School for grades 6–8, and Glen Cove High School for grades 9–12. Finley Middle School was one of ten NASSP Breakthrough Schools. The Glen Cove City School District's "Paired Plan" for elementary schools has the Gribbin and Connolly schools paired, as well as the Deasy and Landing schools. All students from across the city attend joint classes in the central Middle and High schools.

Private schools[edit]

There are several private educational institutions inside the city boundaries:

  • All Saints Regional Catholic School[22]
  • Friends Academy (preK – 12) is a Quaker-founded private school that is located within the corporation boundaries of Glen Cove but has a Locust Valley mailing address.
  • Webb Institute of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, a four-year college.[23]

Houses of worship[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The city of Glen Cove is served by the following mass transit services:

Culture[edit]

  • The Morgan Park Music Festival holds free concerts on Sunday evenings during July and August at the gazebo in Morgan Park.[31]
  • Glen Cove is the headquarters of the American Stamp Dealers Association.
  • Welwyn, the former Harold Pratt estate, is a 204-acre (0.83 km2), densely wooded preserve open to the public. It features nature trails and a variety of habitats, including a wooded stream valley, fresh water ponds and swamps, a coastal salt marsh, and a stretch of Long Island Sound shoreline. More than 100 species of birds and a variety of small native mammals, reptiles and amphibians inhabit the preserve's grounds. It is the site of the Holocaust Memorial & Educational Center, which offers exhibits and other educational programs.[31]

Nearby are such attractions as the Hillwood Art Museum at C.W. Post Center of Long Island University, Nassau County Museum of Art; Old Westbury Gardens and Mansion, which holds regular concerts; Sagamore Hill National Historic Site, Theodore Roosevelt's summer White House; the Planting Fields Arboretum and Coe Mansion, which also holds concerts; and other live music venues.[31]

Waterfront[edit]

Hempstead Harbour Yacht Club House c 1894

The city of Glen Cove has an extensive waterfront area on Hemstead Harbor and Long Island Sound. Hempstead Harbour Yacht Club, Glen Cove City Yacht Club, and the Garvies Point Boating Association are the three major sailing clubs in the City. Brewer's Boardyard is the only boating storage yard left in the city. The city has a boat launch ramp at the end of Garvies Point Road. The city has no facilities for kayaks.

Sailboat racing in the Glen Cove area can be watched from a cliff-top park in the neighboring village of Sea Cliff and from various points on the hills of Garvies Point Preserve. Races are Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday evenings, and Saturdays during the afternoon. The annual Around Long Island Sailboat Race finishes at the end of the breakwater at Morgan Park.

On the waterfront the saying goes, "If you can hear the train, it is going to rain." If you hear that train whistle blow, that means the wind is coming from the east and a storm is on the way.

Representation in media[edit]

  • Josh Alan Friedman, a resident as a child, set his "autobiographical novel", Black Cracker (2010), in Glen Cove. The book portrays events from his childhood in the early 1960s, when he attended South School, a de facto black school. For a time, Friedman was South School's lone white student.[33]
  • In 2010, a television commercial for Hunt's tomato sauce was filmed at the Glen Cove Volunteer Fire Department, featuring GCVFD firefighters.
  • Our Idiot Brother (2011), starring Paul Rudd, Zooey Deschanel, Rashida Jones, Elizabeth Banks - interior shots of mother's house were filmed at a house on Highland Rd.[34]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b c Antonia Petrash, Carol Stern, and Carol McCrossen, "HISTORY OF GLEN COVE", Nassau County Library
  6. ^ a b c Petrash, Antonia; Stern, Carol; McCrossen, Carol, "History of Glen Cove", Glen Cove Public Library, 2005
  7. ^ Henderson, Jeanne. "The History of Glen Cove, NY". Long Island Genealogy. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Glen Cove Community Profile", Podunk
  9. ^ MacKay, Robert B. et al. (1997). Long Island Country Houses and Their Architects, 1860–1940, Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities. p 84
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  11. ^ "US EPA Approval of the Remedial Action Report for Operable Unit 1, Li Tungsten Superfund Site, Glen Cove, NY". Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  12. ^ Saslow, Linda (11 Jun 1989). "Old Plant Is Linked To Health Threats". NYtimes.com. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  13. ^ Hull, Callie (1940). Industrial Research Laboratories of the United States Including Consulting Research Laboratories, 7th ed. National Research Council (U.S.). p. 372. 
  14. ^ "AMENDED RECORD OF DECISION Powers Chemco". dec.ny.gov. Mar 2014. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  15. ^ "Pall Corporation Record of Decision - NYDEC". Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  16. ^ Ain, Steward. "Glen Cove Circuit-Board Maker Will Close". NYtimes.com. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  17. ^ Steinberg, Carol. "A Successful Company Is Acquired. Will It Remain on L.I.?". NYtimes.com. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  18. ^ "Record of Decision, Pass and Seymour". Mar 2008. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  19. ^ "GLEN COVE WATERFRONT REVITALIZATION". glen clove community development agency. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  20. ^ "Headquarters" at the Wayback Machine (archived June 23, 2000). Acclaim Entertainment. June 23, 2000. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  21. ^ "Acclaim buys Glen Cove site." Real Estate Weekly. July 20, 1994. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  22. ^ "All Saints Regional Catholic School". Asrcatholic.com. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Webb Institute.com". Webb-institute.edu. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  24. ^ http://www.openchurchgc.org/6801.html
  25. ^ http://www.mychurchandtown.com/mct/parishes/index.asp?pid=RC045
  26. ^ stpaulsgc.faithweb.com
  27. ^ http://www.glencove-li.us/index.php/transportation/142-bus-glen-cove-loop
  28. ^ http://www.glencove-li.us/index.php/transportation/134-bus-glen-cove-commuter
  29. ^ http://www.gobusesny.com/page.php?id=68
  30. ^ http://www.glencove-li.us/index.php/transportation/131-bus-li-transit-to-nyc
  31. ^ a b c "Ken Ellens, Destination Guide, Glen Cove Mansion" (PDF). February 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 
  32. ^ Glen Cove: 1954 movie "Sabrina" starring Audrey Hepburn with her dog; David Archive: Dave Morrison (TrainsAreFun)
  33. ^ Joe Bonomo, "Coming of Age With Josh Alan Friedman", No Such Thing As Was blog, September 12, 2010
  34. ^ Famiglietti, Charleen (August 3, 2010). "Hollywood Comes to Glen Cove – Glen Cove, NY Patch". Glencove.patch.com. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  35. ^ Fox, Margalit (April 29, 2010). "Leslie Buck, Designer of Iconic Coffee Cup, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  36. ^ NFL.com and Pro Football Reference

External links[edit]