Governorates of Libya

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The governorates of Libya (muhafazah) were a tenfold top-level administrative division of Libya from 1963 until 1983.

They came into being on 27 April 1963.[1][2] In 1970, after the 1 September 1969 Free Officers Movement coup, there was an administrative reorganization which gave local authorities more power to implement policies of the national government, and redesignated some of the names and boundaries of the ten governorates.[3] In February 1975, Libya issued a law that abolished the governorates and their service directorates,[4] however they continued to operate[4] until they were fully replaced in 1983 by the baladiyat system districts.[1]

Historically, the three provinces of Libya (Tripolitania in the northwest, Cyrenaica in the east, and Fezzan in the southwest) were sometimes called governorates.[citation needed]

Ten governorates[edit]

Ten governorates of Libya, numbers correspond to list at left.

The original ten governorates were:[1][5]

  1. Bayda Governorate
       In 1971 Bayda was renamed Jabal al Akhdar.[6][7]
  2. Al Khums Governorate
  3. Awbari Governorate
  4. Az Zawiyah Governorate
  5. Benghazi Governorate
  6. Darnah Governorate
  7. Al Jabal al Gharbi Governorate
       In 1970 Al Jabal al Gharbi was renamed Gharyan.[1]
  8. Misrata Governorate
  9. Sabha Governorate
  10. Tarabulus Governorate.

Reorganisation under Gaddafi[edit]

Further information: Baladiyat of Libya and Libya under Gaddafi

As early as 1973, Libya had been divided into forty-six baladiyat for census purposes.[8] In 1983 Libya replaced the governorates structure with the district (baladiyah) one, creating forty-six districts.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Districts of Libya". Statoids. 
  2. ^ St. John, Ronald Bruce and Hahn, Lorna (1991) "Governorates" Historical Dictionary of Libya (2nd edition) Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, New Jersey, p. 44, ISBN 0-8108-2451-5
  3. ^ Zeidan, Shawky S. (1987) "Chapter 4 – Government and Politics: Internal Politics: Subnational Government and Administration" A Country Study: Libya Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
  4. ^ a b Zeidan, Shawky S. (1987) "Chapter 4 – Government and Politics: Internal Politics: Subnational Government and Administration: The Cultural Revolution and People's Committees" A Country Study: Libya Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
  5. ^ Habib, Henry (1981) Libya past and present Edam Publishing House, Valletta, Malta, page 8, OCLC 13548454
  6. ^ Politics and government of revolutionary Libya Author:Henry Habib, Publisher: Cercle du livre de France, 1975.
  7. ^ Libyan groups of countries University of Michigan, Published: 1968.
  8. ^ Society for Libyan Studies (1984) Libyan Studies Volume 15 (being the Annual Report of the Society for Libyan Studies) Society for Libyan Studies, London, p. 145,

See also[edit]

External links[edit]