Gowin Knight

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Gowin Knight

Gowin Knight FRS (10 September 1713 – 8 June 1772) was an English physicist who, in 1745, discovered a process for creating strongly magnetized steel. He also served as the first principal librarian of the British Museum.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Corringham, a small civil parish in Lincolnshire. In 1745, Knight discovered a process for creating strongly magnetized steel, which he used to develop a compass needle able to function with greater precision. Gowin Knight was honoured in 1747 with the Copley Medal in recognition of his achievements and, by 1752, his technologically-advanced compasses were adapted by the Royal Navy, with renowned London instrument craftsman, George Adams, engaged in their manufacture.

In 1756, Gowin Knight received an appointment as the first principal librarian of the British Museum.[1] He died in London, three months before his 59th birthday.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  "Knight, Gowin". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.