Grauer's broadbill

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Grauer's broadbill
PseudocalyptomenaGraueriKeulemans.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Eurylaimidae
Genus: Pseudocalyptomena
Rothschild, 1909
Species: P. graueri
Binomial name
Pseudocalyptomena graueri
Rothschild, 1909[2]

The Grauer's broadbill or African green broadbill (Pseudocalyptomena graueri) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family, and is monotypic within the genus Pseudocalyptomena.[3] Its name commemorates the German zoologist Rudolf Grauer who collected natural history specimens in the Belgian Congo.[4]

Relationships[edit]

Baron Walter Rothschild, who described this species, considered it to be a flycatcher only superficially similar to the Asian broadbills of the genus Calyptomena, hence the name pseudo- or "false" Calyptomena. It now appears that it is an actual broadbill, one of only a few African representatives of a primarily Asian family.

Description[edit]

It is bright green with a blue throat and vent and a small bill, quite unlike those of the other broadbills.

Habitat and range[edit]

It occurs in tropical moist montane forest, and is endemic to the Albertine Rift Mountains of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. In Uganda it is a rare resident at 2,100 to 2,200 metres in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest.[5]

Status[edit]

This species is rare, and is threatened by habitat loss.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pseudocalyptomena graueri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Description of a new Bird from Africa
  3. ^ Thomas M. Brooks, John D. Pilgrim, Ana S. L. Rodrigues & Gustavo A. B. Da Fonseca (2005). "Conservation status and geographic distribution of avian evolutionary history". In Andy Purvis, John L. Gittleman & Thomas Brooks. Phylogeny and Conservation. Conservation Biology 8. Cambridge University Press. pp. 267–294. ISBN 978-0-521-82502-3. 
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. p. 94. 
  5. ^ Britton, P. L. (ed.) (1980). Birds of East Africa: their habitat, status and distribution. Nairobi: East Africa Natural History Society. p. 112. 
  • Kingdon, Jonathan (1989). Island Africa: The Evolution of Africa's Rare Plants and Animals. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 184. ISBN 0-691-08560-9. 
  • Lambert, Frank; Woodcock, Martin (1996). Pittas, Broadbills, and Asities. Sussex, England: Pica Press. 

External links[edit]