Red-and-green macaw

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Red-and-green macaw
Ara chloropterus -Apenheul Primate Park -Netherlands-8a.jpg
At Apenheul Primate Park, Netherlands
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Tribe: Arini
Genus: Ara
Species: A. chloropterus
Binomial name
Ara chloropterus
(Gray, 1859)
Distribution Ara chloropterus.svg
  Distribution of the green-winged macaw
Synonyms[2]

Ara chloroptera

The green-winged macaw (Ara chloropterus), also known as the red-and-green macaw,[2] is a large mostly-red macaw of the Ara genus.

This is the largest of the Ara genus, widespread in the forests and woodlands of northern and central South America. However, in common with other macaws, in recent years there has been a marked decline in its numbers due to habitat loss and illegal capture for the parrot trade.

Description[edit]

The green-winged macaw can be readily identified from the scarlet macaw as whilst the breast of both birds is bright red, the upper-wing covert feathers of the green-winged macaw are mostly green but can occasionally sport a few yellow feathers above the band of green (as opposed to mostly yellow, or a strong mix of yellow and green in the scarlet macaw). In addition, the green-winged macaw has characteristic red lines around the eyes formed by rows of tiny feathers on the otherwise bare white skin patch; this is one of the biggest differences from a scarlet macaw to the casual viewer. Iridescent teal feathers are surrounded by red on the tail. If seen together, the green-winged macaw is clearly larger than the scarlet macaw as well.

In terms of length, this species is second only in size to the hyacinth macaw, the largest of the macaws. The red-and-green macaw attains a total body length of 90 to 95 cm (35 to 37 in) in adults.[3] 12 adults were found to average 1,214 g (2.676 lb).[4] A weight range of between 1,050 and 1,708 g (2.315 and 3.765 lb) has been reported.[3] While it's weight range is broadly similar to that of the hyacinth, the average weight of the red-and-green macaw is slightly surpassed by both the hyacinth and great green macaws, and amongst all living parrots additionally by the kakapo.[3][4]

Behavior[edit]

The green-winged macaw generally mates for life. The female typically lays two or three eggs in a nest made in a hole in a tree. The female incubates the eggs for about 28 days, and the chicks fledge from the nest about 90 days after hatching.[5]

Gallery[edit]

The upper body, showing the head and neck details 
Two macaws at La Palmyre Zoo, Les Mathes, France 
At Birmingham Zoo, Alabama, USA 
Four wild green-winged macaws flying in Peru 

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Ara chloropterus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Red-and- Green Macaw on Avibase
  3. ^ a b c Cameron, M. (2012). Parrots: the animal answer guide. JHU Press.
  4. ^ a b CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses, 2nd Edition by John B. Dunning Jr. (Editor). CRC Press (2008), ISBN 978-1-4200-6444-5.
  5. ^ Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 235. ISBN 1-84309-164-X. 

External links[edit]