|Faulkner County and the state of Arkansas|
|• Total||7.7 sq mi (20.1 km2)|
|• Land||7.7 sq mi (20.1 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Density||395.1/sq mi (151.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0077068|
Greenbrier is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 4,706 in the 2010 U.S. Census.
Prior to European settlement, Native American tribes, including the Quapaw and later the Cherokee Indians, lived in the area. Several historical figures of the Wild West such as Jim Bowie and Jesse James passed through the Greenbrier region toward Oklahoma and Texas. Settlers such as the Wiley brothers settled near East Fork Cadron around 1818, which is about eight miles east of Greenbrier today. In 1837, Jonathan Hardin settled near the Wiley settlement. Also in the early 19th century, the Casharagos settled north of Greenbrier in the present community of Republican.
Greenbrier is a town that developed from a minor brothel on the Butterfield Stagecoach route into a bustling city. The town was named for the painfully prickly greenbriar vines which grew along the creek through the town; removing these dense and thorny thickets was apparently a memorable experience for the founders. Greenbrier is located 12 miles north of Conway on Highway 65. Recent years have seen continued growth as Greenbrier becomes a bedroom community for nearby Conway.
Greenbrier is located at .(35.229444, -92.389052)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.8 square miles (20 km2), ubiquitously land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,042 people, 1,137 households, and 892 families residing in the city. The population density was 392.6 people per square mile (151.6/km²). There were 1,247 housing units at an average density of 160.9 per square mile (62.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.37% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,137 households out of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.5% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,351, and the median income for a family was $43,125. Males had a median income of $28,699 versus $24,630 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,950. About 7.2% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Public education for elementary and secondary school students is primarily provided by the Greenbrier School District, which leads to graduation from Greenbrier High School.
February 2011 Earthquakes
On February 27, 2011, a 4.7 earthquake hit just outside of Greenbrier. The quake was felt in several adjacent states, and as far away as Iowa. A swarm of almost 800 earthquakes have hit Arkansas since September 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Sarah Eddington, "Largest Earthquake in 35 Years Hits Arkansas", Associated Press via Kansas City Star (February 28, 2011)