Guido Guinizzelli (c. 1230–1276), born in Bologna, in present-day Emilia-Romagna, Northern Italy, was an Italian poet and 'founder' of the Dolce Stil Novo. He was the first to write in this new style of poetry writing, and thus is held to be the ipso facto founder.
The famous Florentine poet Dante Alighieri considered himself to be a disciple of Guinizzelli:
- ...quand' io odo nomar sé stesso il padre
- mio e de li altri miei miglior che mai
- rime d'amor usar dolci e leggiadre...
- (Purgatorio, XXVI 97-98).
The main themes of the Dolce Stil Novo can be found in Guinizzelli's Al cor gentil rempaira sempre amore: the angelic beauty of the beloved women, the comparison of nobility to the sun and the rampant use of topoi such as cuor gentil and Amore.
Guinizzelli's poetry can be briefly described as a conciliation between divine and earthly love with deep psychological introspection. His major works are Al cor gentil rempaira sempre Amore, which Peter Dronke considers "perhaps the most influential love-song of the thirteenth century" (Dronke 1965, 57), as well as Voglio del ver la mia donna laudare and Vedut'ho la lucente stella Diana.
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