Gurdon Wattles

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Gurdon Wattles
Gurdon W. Wattles, 1854-1904 Nebraskans.png
Born May 12, 1855
Richford, New York
Died January 31, 1932
Hollywood, California
Nationality American
Occupation Banker, civic leader
Known for Financing early Hollywood

Gurdon Wallace Wattles (May 12, 1855 - January 31, 1932) was an early businessman, banker and civic leader in Omaha, Nebraska who became responsible for bankrolling much of early Hollywood.[1] Wattles was said to possess "all the right credentials to direct Omaha's fortunes for the twentieth century in the post-pioneer era: humble beginnings, outstanding ability, a fine intellect, impeccable manners, driving ambition, and a ruthless streak."[2]

Personal life[edit]

Gurdon Wallace Wattles[3] was the third son of James Wattles and Elizabeth Ann "Betsy" Whitton. He was born on May 12, 1855 in the town of Richford, Tioga County, New York and died on January 31, 1932 at Hollywood, California. He was the grandson of Jehiel Wattles and Phoebe Lathrop; and Dr. Tower Whitton,[4] a 1796 graduate of Dartmouth College.

His first name, Gurdon, was derived from his ancestor Brampton Gurdon who was a Member of Parliament for Sudbury (1621) and High Sheriff of Suffolk. His daughter, Muriel Gurdon, married Richard Saltonstall, Jr., the son of Sir Richard Saltonstall, Sr., who led a group of English settlers up the Charles River to settle in what is now Watertown, Massachusetts in 1630.

He was a descendant of Mayflower passengers Elder William Brewster and John Howland. He was also a descendant of John Lothropp who was an English Anglican clergyman, who became a Congregationalist minister and emigrant to New England. He was the founder of Barnstable, Massachusetts, and John Mason, an English Army Major, a Deputy Governor of Connecticut and the principle founder of Norwich, Connecticut. One of his distant relatives from his father's side is Edward Everett an American politician and President of Harvard University.

Gurdon's father served as a Lieutenant in the 109th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the War of the Rebellion and after the war decided to move the family. They traveled in a covered wagon settling in Glidden, Iowa in 1868. Gurdon graduated from high school there, and soon after become a teacher. He attended Iowa State University graduating in 1876, joining the Delta Tau Delta fraternity and the debate team.

He married Abigail Jane "Jennie" Leete[5] on October 20, 1882 in Jennie's hometown of Clarksville, Butler County, Iowa. They had meet while students at Iowa Agricultural College. She was the daughter of Allen N. Leete and Abigail Button and a direct descendant of Governor William Leete,[6] who was the Governor of the Colony of New Haven from 1661 to 1665 and Governor of Connecticut from 1676 to 1683. She was born about 1858 in Clarksville, Iowa, and died on May 25, 1916 at Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. They were the parents of three children: Frederick Leete Wattles, Margaret Elizabeth Wattles and Mary Louise Wattles.

He remarried at Estes Park, Colorado on June 26, 1918 to Julia Vance. She was born at Milford, Nebraska, on August 23, 1883, the daughter of Alexander Hamilton Vance. She died in November 1977 in Los Angeles, California. She studied for 3 years at Doane College and was a graduate of both Oberlin College and Columbia College. She was the director of the home economics department at the University of Nebraska when she met Gurdon Wattles. She gave birth to a son, Gurdon Wallace Wattles, Jr., on May 5, 1920 at their home in Hollywood, California.[1][7][7]

Career[edit]

After graduating from college and joining the bar, Wattles joined a firm in Carroll, Iowa. Soon after he convinced his parents to move there, and at their behest he donated a lot to the Trinity Episcopal Church congregation to build an edifice. Wattles first venture into banking happened in 1882 when he worked with silent partners to found the Farmer's Bank in Carroll. By focusing directly on assisting the many German immigrants who wanted to farm in eastern Iowa during this time the Farmer's Bank "prospered beyond our greatest hopes."[8] After arriving in Omaha in 1892 Wattles became the vice-president of the city's Union National Bank.[9]

By 1901 Wattles consolidated all the independent streetcar lines in Omaha into one company called the Omaha and Council Bluffs Streetcar Company, which later became the Omaha Traction Company. In 1903 he helped organize the Omaha Grain Exchange and the Omaha Business Men's Association, a group vowed to keep labor unions out of Omaha and maintain open shops.[10] In 1905 Wattles became the president, and then the chairman of the board of the United States National Bank of Omaha, serving until 1920. Also in 1905 Wattles was the lead of Nebraska's exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri. It was there that he pioneered the usage of filmed footage for advertising.

Wattles was a director of the Chicago Great Western Railroad, and was responsible for the construction of the Omaha landmark Hotel Fontenelle in 1914.[11]

Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition[edit]

In 1897 Wattles became the organizer and chairman of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition and Indian Congress. His leadership is attributed with bringing over 2.6 million people to Omaha to view the 4,062 exhibits during the four months of the Exposition. When President William McKinley visited, Wattles introduced him to the crowd of nearly 100,000 assembled on the plaza. Wattles' expo stretched over a 180-acre (0.73 km2) tract in North Omaha and featured a 2,000-foot (610 m)-long lagoon encircled by 21 classical buildings that featured fine and modern products from around the world. During the grand parade for the expo Wattles rode alongside William Jennings Bryan, a three-time candidate for president of the United States, who was also a close friend.[12] This event is attributed with launching Wattles' influence across Nebraska and throughout the Midwestern United States.[13][14]

Politics[edit]

Wattles was elected delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1904. There he voted for Theodore Roosevelt for president, and when he became a member of the notification committee from Nebraska, he visited Roosevelt at his home in Oyster Bay, New York. Their friendship lasted until Roosevelt died in 1919. Wattles was appointed the Federal Food Administrator for Nebraska by Herbert Hoover during World War I.

Honors[edit]

In an elaborate ceremony Wattles was crowned King of the Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben in 1905. The Iowa State College awarded him an honorary degree in the 1910s.[15]

Wattles House[edit]

Noted Omaha architect Thomas R. Kimball designed the Wattles House in the popular historical revival Chateauesque style. It was built in 1895. Today the majority of the house retains its historical significance. It has been listed as an Omaha Landmark and is a contributing building in the Gold Coast Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Wattles lived in the residence from 1896 to 1921, when he moved permanently to Hollywood, California.[16]

Wattles Mansion[edit]

The Wattles Mansion and Gardens in Los Angeles, California was built by Gurdon Wattles as a summer home around the start of the 20th century. Today "Jualita," as he called the forty-nine acre estate, is the last remaining intact mansion from that time period. The mansion was sold to the City of Los Angeles in 1965, and currently houses a Hollywood historical organization.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (2006) "Gurdon Wattles", Hollywood Heritage. September. Retrieved 2/6/08.
  2. ^ Larsen, L. and Cottrell, B. (1997) The Gate City: A History of Omaha. University of Nebraska Press. p. 132.
  3. ^ http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/FH2&CISOPTR=56944&REC=6
  4. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=sju7AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA86&lpg=PA86&dq=%22tower+whiton%22&source=bl&ots=-tIClDzEIl&sig=T7EfZt8bXihSGu9iYgWlWh9pgNc&hl=en&ei=PuRyS7GMBIO-sgOA7qiPBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAcQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=%22tower%20whiton%22&f=false
  5. ^ http://www.archive.org/stream/familyofwilliaml00leet/familyofwilliaml00leet_djvu.txt
  6. ^ * http://www.onlinebiographies.info/gov/leete-william.htm
  7. ^ a b "Obituary of Gurdon W. Wattles, Jr.". New York Times. June 28, 1995. 
  8. ^ Wattles, G.W. (1928) Autobiography of Gurdon Wallace Wattles. p. 48.
  9. ^ Larsen, L. and Cottrell, B. (1997) p 86.
  10. ^ "Omaha-Douglas County", Our Towns. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 2/6/08.
  11. ^ Larsen, L. and Cottrell, B. (1997) p 134.
  12. ^ Trans-Mississippi Exposition Parade." Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2/6/08.
  13. ^ Larsen, L. and Cottrell, B. (1997) p 43.
  14. ^ Omaha Notes, University of Nebraska at Omaha. Retrieved 2/12/08.
  15. ^ Larsen, L. and Cottrell, B. (1997) p 132.
  16. ^ Gerber, K. and Spencer, J.S. (2003), Architecture for the Ages, Landmarks, Inc. p. 77.

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