HD 149382

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HD 149382
Brown dwarf HD 149382 b.png
Artist's impression of an unconfirmed brown dwarf HD 149382 b (center) in orbit around the star HD 149382 (right).
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Ophiuchus
Right ascension 16h 34m 23.33330s[1]
Declination –04° 00′ 52.0171″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.943[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B5 VI[3]
U−B color index –1.143[2]
B−V color index –0.282[2]
V−R color index –0.127[2]
R−I color index –0.135[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +3[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –5.95[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –3.92[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 13.53 ± 1.15[1] mas
Distance 240 ± 20 ly
(74 ± 6 pc)
Details
Mass 0.29−0.53[5] M
Surface gravity (log g) 5.80 ± 0.05[5] cgs
Temperature 35,500 ± 500[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −1.30[3] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 4.9 ± 1.4[5] km/s
Other designations
BD-03 3967, HD 149382, HIP 81145, SAO 141250[6]
Database references
SIMBAD data

HD 149382 is a star in the constellation of Ophiuchus with an apparent visual magnitude of 8.943.[2] This is too faint to be seen with the naked eye even under ideal conditions, although it can be viewed with a small telescope.[7] Based upon parallax measurements,[1] this star is located at a distance of about 240 light-years (74 parsecs) from the Earth.

This is the brightest known B-type subdwarf star with a stellar classification of B5 VI. It is generating energy through the thermonuclear fusion of helium at its core.[3] The effective temperature of the star's outer envelope is about 35,500 K, giving it the characteristic blue-white hue of a B-type star. HD 149382 has an optical companion located at an angular separation of 1 arcsecond.[8]

In 2009, a substellar companion, perhaps even a superjovian planet, was announced orbiting the star.[5] This candidate object was estimated to have nearly half the mass of the Sun. In 2011, this discovery was thrown into doubt when an independent team of astronomers were unable to confirm the detection. Their observations rule out a companion with a mass greater than Jupiter orbiting with a period of less than 28 days.[8]

The unconfirmed HD 149382 system
Companion
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
(AU)
Orbital period
(days)
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
b >8-23 MJ 0.02343 2.391 0 39±13°

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Landolt, Arlo U. (May 2009). "UBVRI Photometric Standard Stars Around the Celestial Equator: Updates and Additions". The Astronomical Journal 137 (5): 4186–4269. arXiv:0904.0638. Bibcode:2009AJ....137.4186L. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/137/5/4186.  See table II.
  3. ^ a b c Cenarro, A. J. et al. (January 2007). "Medium-resolution Isaac Newton Telescope library of empirical spectra - II. The stellar atmospheric parameters". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 374 (2): 664–690. arXiv:astro-ph/0611618. Bibcode:2007MNRAS.374..664C. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11196.x. 
  4. ^ Wilson, Ralph Elmer (1953). General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities. Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington. Bibcode:1953QB901.W495..... 
  5. ^ a b c d e Geier, S. et al. (September 2009). "Discovery of a Close Substellar Companion to the Hot Subdwarf Star HD 149382—The Decisive Influence of Substellar Objects on Late Stellar Evolution". The Astrophysical Journal Letters 702 (1): L96–L99. arXiv:0908.1025. Bibcode:2009ApJ...702L..96G. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/702/1/L96. 
  6. ^ "HD 149382 -- Star". SIMBAD. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  7. ^ Sherrod, P. Clay; Koed, Thomas L. (2003). A Complete Manual of Amateur Astronomy: Tools and Techniques for Astronomical Observations. Astronomy Series. Courier Dover Publications. p. 9. ISBN 0-486-42820-6. 
  8. ^ a b Norris, Jackson M. et al. (December 2011), "Non-detection of the Putative Substellar Companion to HD 149382", The Astrophysical Journal 743 (1): 88, arXiv:1110.1384, Bibcode:2011ApJ...743...88N, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/743/1/88 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 16h 34m 23.33330s, −04° 00′ 52.0171″