HLA-A32

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HLA-A32
(MHC Class I, A cell surface antigen)
Illustration HLA-A.png
HLA-A32
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Protein transmembrane receptor/ligand
Structure αβ heterodimer
Subunits HLA-A*3201, β2-microglobulin
Older names ""A19""
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subtype allele Available structures
A19 *3201
Alleles link-out to IMGT/HLA database at EBI

HLA-A32 (A32) is a human leukocyte antigen serotype within HLA-A serotype group. The serotype is determined by the antibody recognition of α32 subset of HLA-A α-chains. For A32, the alpha "A" chain are encoded by the HLA-A*32 allele group and the β-chain are encoded by B2M locus.[1] This group currently is dominated by A*3201. A32 and A*32 are almost synonymous in meaning. A32 is a split antigen of the broad antigen serotype A19. A32 is a sister serotype of A29A30A31A33, and A74.

Further information: HLA serotypes explained


Serotype[edit]

A32 recognition of some HLA A*32 gene products[2]
A*32 A32 Sample
allele  % size (N)
*3201 94 3441

A32 Serotyping efficiency for the predominant allele is good. There are 16 known alleles that result in 15 isoforms of HLA-A32. One isoform may be poorly expressed.[3].



Distribution[edit]

HLA A*3201 frequencies
Study population Freq.
 (in %)[4]
Oman 11.4
Pakistan Brahui 9.2
Italy Sardinia 8.7
Bulgaria 8.2
Burkina Faso Fulani 8.2
Pakistan Karachi Parsi 7.8
Pakistan Kalash 7.5
France South East 7.2
Pakistan Baloch 7.1
Greece North 7.0
Georgia Tibilisi Kurds 6.7
Iran Baloch 6.7
Spain North Cantabrian 6.0
Italy Bergamo 5.9
India North Hindus 5.8
Croatia 5.7
France Corsica 5.5
Scotland Orkney 5.5
Sudanese 5.5
Spain Eastern Andalusia 5.4
Algeria1 5.1
Azores Santa Maria and Sa… 5.1
Pakistan Pathan 5.1
Pakistan Sindhi 5.1
Romanian 5.0
Macedonia 4.9
Cape Verde Northwestern I… 4.8
Georgia Tibilisi Georgian… 4.8
Serbia 4.6
Ireland South 4.4
England Lancaster 4.4
Azores Terceira Island 4.3
USA Caucasian pop2 4.3
Bulgaria Gipsy 4.2
Cape Verde Southeastern I… 4.0
Israel Arab Druse 4.0
Portugal Centre 4.0
Burkina Faso Mossi 3.8
Guinea Bissau 3.8
Spain North Cabuernigo 3.8
Belgium 3.7
Russia Chuvash 3.7
Sweden Stockholm 3.5
Wales 3.5
England Sheffield 3.5
England Leeds 3.4
Australia New South Wales 3.4
Morocco Berber Nador Meta… 3.4
Ireland Northern 3.2
Jordan Amman 3.1
India Khandesh Pawra 3.0
India New Delhi 3.0
India West Coast Parsis 3.0
USA Hispanic 3.0
Turkey 2.8
Sweden Uppsala County 2.7
India North Delhi 2.7
Morocco 2.7
Pakistan Burusho 2.7
Kenya Luo 2.6
South African Natal Zulu 2.5
China North Han 2.4
Czech Republic 2.4
London Ashkenazi Jews 2.4
Mexico Mestizos 2.4
Saudi Arabia Guraiat and … 2.4
China Beijing 2.2
Finland 2.2
Uganda Kampala 2.2
Russia Tuva pop 2 2.1
USA North American Native… 2.1
Brazil 2.0
Cameroon Beti 2.0
Peru Arequipa 2.0
Russia Arkhangelsk Pomors 2.0
Italy North pop 1 1.9
Russia Northwest 1.8
German Essen 1.8
Spain Pas Valley 1.6
USA African America 1.6
Tunisia 1.5
Georgia Svaneti Svans 1.3
New Caledonia 1.2
South Africa Tswana 1.2
Allele frequencies presented, only

A32 is most common around the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Basin. It has a consistent presence in Europe. The A32 frequenceies in the more isolated (genetically) peoples of Europe suggests that the A32 rise in the Mediterranean may only be partially attributable to recent migrations from the middle eastern region. There is a node in southern Europe around the Ionian Sea in which specific, European, A32-haplotypes are elevated.

Haplotypes[edit]

HLA A32 haplotype frequencies
freq
ref. Population (%)
A32-B7
(A*3201:B*0702)
Albanian 2.2
Cuban 1.9
[5] Natal Zulu (S. Africa) 1.0
Cretan 0.7
Cretan 0.2
A32-B8
(A*3201:B*0801)
N. Portugal 2.2
Oman 1.8
A32-B14
(A*3201:B*14)
!kung 1.9
Tunis 1.8
Natal Zulu (S. Africa) 1.0
Portugal 1.1
Irish 0.7
Italian 0.6
A32-B27
(A*3201:B27)
Gypsy(Spanish) 6.0
E Black Sea (Turkey) 2.3
German 0.3
A32-B35
(A*3201:C*0401:B*3501)
Greek 3.5
UA Emirates 2.8
Sardinian 2.6
Brahui (Pakistan) 2.5
Tunisia 1.8
Armenian 1.7
Italian 1.5
Oman 1.3
Portugal 1.1
German 0.3
A32-B61(40)
(A*3201:B*40)
Tunis 1.2
Greek 1.2
French 0.6
German 0.4
A32-B44
(A*3201:B*4402)
Austrian 2.4
Belgium 2.0
Albanian 1.8
S. Portugal 1.0
Irish 0.7
German 0.6
Dutch 0.6
Senegal 0.5
Italian 0.4
A32-B51
(A*3201:C*1201:B*5101)
Bulgarian 1.8
German 0.3
(A*3201:C*1502:B*5101)
Oman 5.0
Baloch (Pakistan) 3.2
Kalash 2.9
UA Emirates 1.9
Baloch (Iran) 1.1
(A*3201:C*1401:B*5101)
Parsis (Karachi) 4.9
Kalash 2.9

A common A32 haplotype A*3201-B*5101 can be found in Oman, United Arab Emirates, SE Iran, Bulgaria, and Portugal. A second, A*3201-B*3501 can be in the Omani, UAE, and Portugal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arce-Gomez B, Jones EA, Barnstable CJ, Solomon E, Bodmer WF (February 1978). "The genetic control of HLA-A and B antigens in somatic cell hybrids: requirement for beta2 microglobulin". Tissue Antigens 11 (2): 96–112. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0039.1978.tb01233.x. PMID 77067. 
  2. ^ Allele Query Form IMGT/HLA - European Bioinformatics Institute
  3. ^ Tang TF, Hou L, Tu B, et al. (2006). "Identification of nine new HLA class I alleles in volunteers from the Singapore stem cell donor registries". Tissue Antigens 68 (6): 518–20. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0039.2006.00707.x. PMID 17176443. 
  4. ^ Middleton D, Menchaca L, Rood H, Komerofsky R (2003). "New allele frequency database: http://www.allelefrequencies.net". Tissue Antigens 61 (5): 403–7. doi:10.1034/j.1399-0039.2003.00062.x. PMID 12753660. 
  5. ^ B*0705