||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2012)|
HMS E20 in Harbor
|Laid down:||25 November 1914|
|Commissioned:||30 August 1915|
|Fate:||Sunk by torpedo, 6 November 1915|
|Class and type:||E class submarine|
|Displacement:||667 long tons (678 t) surfaced
807 long tons (820 t) submerged
|Length:||181 ft (55 m)|
|Beam:||15 ft (4.6 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × 1,600 hp (1,193 kW) diesels
2 × 840 hp (626 kW) electric
|Speed:||15.25 knots (28.24 km/h; 17.55 mph) surfaced
10.25 knots (18.98 km/h; 11.80 mph) submerged
|Range:||3,000 nmi (5,600 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
65 nmi (120 km) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
|Armament:||• 5 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes (2 bow, 2 beam, 1 stern)
• 1 × 12-pounder gun
While the German Submarine UB-14 had been in port on 30 November, Turkish forces had captured the French submarine Turquoise before the submarine or any of the confidential papers on board could be destroyed. When Turquoise was caught, her commander had not signaled her predicament to anyone, so a scheduled rendezvous with the British submarine E20—as far as anyone other than Turquoise or the Germans and Turks knew—was still on. UB-14 had been sent to keep the rendezvous, reportedly going so far as to radio messages in the latest British code. Upon arriving at the designated location, UB-14 surfaced and fired a torpedo at E20 from a distance of 500 metres (550 yd). Only when E20 's crew saw the torpedo did they realize something was amiss, but it was too late to avoid the weapon. The torpedo hit E20 's conning tower and sank the submarine with the loss of 21 men. UB-14 rescued nine men, including E20 's captain who, reportedly, had been brushing his teeth at the time of the attack.
- Stern, p. 30.
- Stern, p. 31.
- Grant, p. 33.
- Stern, p. 32.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit during WWI: E 20". U-Boat War in World War I. Uboat.net. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
- Stern, p. 34.
- Hutchinson, Robert (2001). Jane's Submarines: War Beneath the Waves from 1776 to the Present Say. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-710558-8. OCLC 53783010.
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