Hasan Tahsin Pasha
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|Hasan Tahsin Pasha|
Messaria, Ottoman Empire
|Buried at||Thessaloniki, Greece|
|Years of service||Ottoman: -1912|
|Battles/wars||Greco-Turkish War of 1897
First Balkan War
Hasan Tahsin was born in Messaria (modern Molista). During his youth, he attended and graduated from the Greek Zosimaia School at Ioannina, and spoke Greek fluently. He began service as a gendarme ca. 1870 in Katerini, and later joined the Ottoman Army as an NCO. He soon received a commission as an officer, and by 1881 he commanded the Ottoman Gendarmerie at Ioannina. During the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, he commanded the 6th Trabzon Division, and around 1900, he was placed as garrison commander of Thessaloniki. In 1908–1910, he served as the governor of Yemen before returning to Thessaloniki, where he assumed the post of CO of the III Corps with the rank of Ferik (Lieutenant General). After his retirement in 1912, he was persuaded to return to duty as governor of the vilayet and fortress of Ioannina.
As tensions with the Balkan League grew however over the summer of 1912, he was switched to command the VIII Provisional Corps at Thessaloniki. After the outbreak of the First Balkan War, he led his forces against the Greek Army of Thessaly under Crown Prince Constantine. The Greek army, better prepared and outnumbering his own forces, defeated VIII Corps in the battles of Sarantaporo and Yenidje. Surrounded and blockaded in Thessaloniki and with no hope of outside succour, and learning of the approach of the 7th Bulgarian Division from the northeast, Hasan Tahsin resolved to surrender the Thessaloniki fortress and his 26,000 men to the Greeks. After a few days of negotiations, a surrender protocol was signed on 8 November [O.S. 26 October] 1912, with the handover carried out the next day.
After his release from Greek captivity, he went into exile, first in France and later in Switzerland. He died in Lausanne in 1918 and was buried there. In 1937, his remains were transferred to the Albanian cemetery of Thessaloniki, and in 2006 to the Military Cemetery of the Balkan Wars at Gefyra. One of his sons, Kenan Messare (1889–1965), became a Greek citizen and a notable painter, known especially for his scenes from the Balkan Wars.
- Nikoltsios, Vassileios; Gounaris, Vassilis K. (2002). Από το Σαραντάπορο στη Θεσσαλονίκη: Η ελληνοτουρκική αναμέτρηση του 1912 μέσα από τις αναμνήσεις του Στρατηγού Χασάν Ταχσίν πασά [From Sarantaporon to Thessaloniki: The Greco-Turkish conflict of 1912 through the memoirs of General Hasan Tahsin Pasha] (in Greek). Thessaloniki. ISBN 960-92042-0-1.
- Christodoulou, Christos K. (27 October 2007). "Οι τρεις ταφές του Χασάν Ταχσίν Πασά" [The Three Burials of Hasan Tahsin Pasha]. Makedonia (in Greek). Retrieved 15 November 2010.