Hakaru Hashimoto

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Hakaru Hashimoto
Hashimoto Hakaru.JPG
Hakaru Hashimoto circa 1912
Native name 橋本 策
Born (1881-05-05)May 5, 1881
Mie Prefecture, Japan
Died January 9, 1934(1934-01-09) (aged 52)
Japan
Cause of death
Typhoid fever
Nationality Japanese
Education Kyushu University
Occupation Physician
Known for Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Hakaru Hashimoto (橋本 策 Hashimoto Hakaru?, May 5, 1881 – January 9, 1934)[1][2] was a Japanese medical scientist of the Meiji period and Taishō period.

Biography[edit]

He was born on May 5, 1881, in the village of Midau, Nishitsuge, in Mie Prefecture.[3] He graduated from Kyushu University medical school in 1907. He then entered the First Surgical Bureau and studied medicine under the direction of professor Hayari Miyake (1867-1945), the first Japanese neurosurgeon.[4] Some years after, he studied pathology under Professor Eduard Kaufmann at the Georg-August University of Göttingen. He also studied in England. As World War I was about to break out, he was forced to return home to Japan. In 1916, he came back to his hometown, Igamachi, and became the town doctor. He fell ill with Typhoid fever and died at home on January 9, 1934.

Scientific activities[edit]

In 1912, he published a paper, Kōjōsen rinpa-setsu shushō-teki henka ni kansuru kenkyū hōkoku or Zur Kenntnis der lymphomatösen Veränderung der Schilddrüse (Struma lymphomatosa) or (Report on lymphomatous goiter) in 'Archiv für klinische Chirurgie', Berlin 1912:97:219-248. Years later, this paper was evaluated by English and American researchers, and the disease it described was recognized as an independent illness. In American medical books, it was named Hashimoto's thyroiditis.[5]

Hashimoto Street[edit]

To honor his achievements, Kyushu University named a road on its Maidashi campus "Hashimoto Street".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "橋本策生誕地碑" (in Japanese). Iga. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ "橋本策 はしもと-はかる". デジタル版 日本人名大辞典+Plus/kotobank.jp (in Japanese). Kodansha. 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  3. ^ Sawin CT (August 2002). "The heritage of Dr. Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934)". Endocr J 49 (4): 399–403. doi:10.1507/endocrj.49.399. PMID 12402970. 
  4. ^ Amino N (September 2003). "[Centennial Memorial Lecture. Hakaru Hashimoto]". Nippon Naika Gakkai Zasshi (in Japanese) 92 (9): 1741–50. PMID 14560612. 
  5. ^ Amino N, Tada H, Hidaka Y, Hashimoto K (August 2002). "Hashimoto's disease and Dr. Hakaru Hashimoto". Endocr. J. 49 (4): 393–7. doi:10.1507/endocrj.49.393. PMID 12402969.