Hason Raja

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For the upcoming Bengali film, see Hason Raja (film).
Dewan Hason Raja
হাসন রাজা
Hason Raja.jpg
Born Dewan Hasan Raja
(1854-12-21)December 21, 1854
Rampasha, Bishwanath, Sylhet
Died December 6, 1922(1922-12-06) (aged 67)
Occupation Landlord and songwriter
Children Khan Bahadur Dewan Ghaniur Raja
Dewan Hasinur Raja
Khan Bahadur Dewan Iqlimur Raja
Dewan Aftabur Raja

Hason Raja, Bengali: হাসন রাজা, (1854-1922),[1] was a Bengali poet, mystic philosopher and songwriter from Sylhet, Bangladesh. He gained international recognition few years after his death, when Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore, mentioned him in his lectures at Oxford University. Tagore said, “ We realise it through admiration and love, through hope that soars beyond the actual, beyond our own span of life into an endless time wherein we live of all men.” and “It is a village poet of East Bengal who preaches in a song the philosophical doctrine that the universe has its reality in its relation to the Person. ” [2]


Early life[edit]

Hason was born on 21 December 1854 in Rampasha, Bishwanath Upazila,[3] (in present-day Sylhet District) and moved to Sunamganj in his adolescence. He was the son of Dewan Ali Raja, a direct descendant of Birendraram Singhdev (later converted from Hinduism to Islam and renamed as Raja Babu Khan). His mother was Hurmuth Jahan Bibi, the last and fifth wife of Ali Raja. He spent most of his childhood in Sunamganj with his mother. At the age of seven, his father started living in Rampasha of Lokkishiri, 33 miles away from Sunamganj, for the most part of the year. Ali supervised and managed his paternal properties.[4]

The death of Hason's elder step-brother, Ubeydur Raja, followed by the death of his father (in about 40 days gap), put the power and responsibility of the whole family upon Hason at a very young age.[5]

Later life[edit]

Hason established schools and religious centres like mosques, temples and churches, and he is said to have been widely engaged in charities within his immediate communities. Hason donated vast land properties for the well-being of the people. He was interested in the well-being and protection of birds and animal life. He spent a large quantity of his money on those lives. On 12 June 1897 one of the biggest earthquake happened in the Assam and Sylhet area. The largest known Indian interpolate earthquake at 8.8 Richter scale resulted in the destruction of structures over much of the Plateau and surrounding areas, and caused widespread liquefaction and flooding in the Brahmaputra and Sylhet floodplains. He found out many of his kin and relatives as well as his people wounded and killed. His thatched house was fully damaged. He lost many of his tamed birds and animals.[3]


Hason died on 7 December 1922.[1] Two museums were established in his name in two places. One namely, Hason Raja Museum sponsored by "Hason Raja Museum Trust"[6] at his birthpalce Lokkonshri, Sunamganj and another namely, Museum of Rajas' at RajaKunjo, Sylhet. The sponsor of this spectacular Museum of Rajas' is 'Educationist Dewan Talibur Raja Trust'.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

Hasan's songs are collected in a number of books - Hachhan Udas, Shaukhin Bahar, Hachhan Bahar, etc.[1] It was reported[according to whom?], that the shootings another Bengali film "Hason Raja" for the second time, directed by Ruhul Amin has already started in 2008. Hason Raja is portrayed by an Indian actor, Mithun Chakraborty.


  1. ^ a b c Tasiqul Islam. "Hasan Raja". Banglapedia. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ Rabindranath Tagore, "The Religion of Man: The Man of My Heart, Being The Hibbert Lectures for 1930", The MacMillan Company, New-York, 1931
  3. ^ a b Khan Bahadur Dewan Ganiur Raja, “ Din Panjika ” Manuscript Diary, Sunamganj, 1932
  4. ^ openlibrary.org/books/OL24244644M/Loker_Raja_Hason_Raja
  5. ^ a b "Sylhoti - Hason Raja". Sylhoti.multiply.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  6. ^ http://www.hasonraja.org/

Further reading[edit]

  • Raja, Dewan Mohammad Tasawwar (2006). MUSEUM OF RAJAS' (Hason Raja Museum). Educationist Dewan Talibur Raja Trust, Sylhet, Bangladesh. 
  • Tasawwar Raja, Dewan Mohammad (2000 & 2009). HASON RAJA SHOMOGRO (Hason Raja's Oeuvre). Pathak Shamabesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]