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Henry Treece (22 December 1911 – 10 June 1966) was a British poet and writer, who worked also as a teacher and editor. He wrote a range of works, but became mainly remembered as a writer of juvenile historical novels.
Life and work
Treece was born in Wednesbury, Staffordshire, and graduated from the University of Birmingham in 1933. He went into teaching, first at Tynemouth School. In 1939 he married Mary Woodman and settled in Lincolnshire as a teacher at Barton-upon-Humber Grammar School. Their son, Richard Treece, became a musician with Help Yourself and other rock bands.
His five volumes of poetry were: 38 Poems (London: Fortune Press, ), then by Faber & Faber; Invitation and Warning 1942; The Black Seasons 1945; The Haunted Garden 1947; and The Exiles 1952. He appeared in the 1949 The New British Poets: an anthology edited by Kenneth Rexroth; but from 1952 with The Dark Island he devoted himself to fiction. His best known are his juvenile historical novels, particularly those set in the Viking period, although he also wrote some adult historical novels. Many of his novels are set in transitional periods in history, where more primitive societies are forced to face modernisation, e.g. the end of the Viking period, or the Roman conquest of Britain. His play Carnival King (Faber & Faber) was produced at Nottingham Playhouse in 1953. He also worked as a radio broadcaster.
Other poetry anthologies he was involved with include The New Apocalypse (1939) with J. F. Hendry giving its name to a movement; two further anthologies with Hendry followed. He wrote a critical study of Dylan Thomas, called Dylan Thomas - Dog among the fairies published by Lindsay Drummond, London in 1949. He and Thomas became estranged over Thomas's refusal to sign up as a New Apocalyptic.
He also wrote Conquerors in 1932, as a way to reflect on the horrors of war.
He edited issues of Transformation, and A New Romantic Anthology (1949) with Stefan Schimanski, issues of Kingdom Come: The Magazine of War-Time Oxford with Schimanski and Alan Rook, as well as War-Time Harvest. How I See Apocalypse (London, Lindsay Drummond, 1946) was a retrospective statement.
- Conquerors (Poem)
- 38 Poems (1940)
- The White Horseman: prose and verse of the new apocalypse (1941) (edited with J. F. Hendry)
- Invitation and Warning (1942) (verse)
- Transformation. (Transformation two [etc.].) (1943) (Prose ... Poetry ... Plays) (edited with Stefan K. Schimanski)
- Wartime Harvest:an anthology of prose and verse (1943) (edited with Stefan K. Schimanski)
- Air Force Poetry (1944) (edited with John Pudney)
- Herbert Read: an introduction to his work by various hands (1944) (edited)
- A Map of Hearts (1944) (tales) (edited with Stefan K. Schimanski)
- The Black Seasons (1945) (poems)
- The Crown and the Sickle: an anthology (1945) (with J. F. Hendry)
- How I See Apocalypse (1946)
- I Cannot go Hunting Tomorrow (1946) (short stories)
- The Haunted Garden (1947 (poems)
- Leaves in the Storm (1947) (book of diaries) (edited with Stefan K. Schimanski and with a running commentary)
- Transformation Library. (1947) (general editor with Stefan K. Schimanski)
- Selected Poems (1948) (edited by Algernon Charles, with an introduction by Henry Treece)
- Dylan Thomas. ‘Dog among the fairies.' (1949)
- A New Romantic Anthology (1949) (edited with Stefan K. Schimanski)
- The Exiles (1952) (poems)
- Desperate Journey (1954) (A tale)
- The Eagles Have Flown (1954) (novel)
- Legions of the Eagle (1954) (novel set in the Roman conquest of Britain)
- Ask for King Billy (1955) (novel)
- Carnival King: A play in three acts (1955) (play)
- Hounds of the King (1955) (with two radio plays by the author, 1965 edition)
- Viking's Dawn (1955) (1st in the Viking Trilogy)
- Hunter Hunted (1957) (novel)
- Men of the Hills (1957) (novel)
- The Road to Miklagard (1957) (2nd in the Viking Trilogy)
- The Children's Crusade (1958) (novel)
- Don't Expect Any Mercy! (1958) (novel)
- The Return of Robinson Crusoe (1958) (novel)
- Ride into Danger (1959) (novel)
- The Bombard (1959) (novel)
- Castles and Kings (1959)
- The True Books about Castles (1959)
- Wickham and the Armada (1959) (novel)
- A Fighting Man (1960)
- Red Settlement (1960)
- Viking's Sunset (1960) (3rd in the Viking Trilogy)
- The Golden One (1961)
- The Jet Bead (1961) (novel)
- The Crusades (1962)
- Man with a Sword (1962) (novel about Hereward the Wake) (decorations by William Stobbs)
- War Dog (1962) (novel)
- Collected poems (1963)
- Fighting Men: how men have fought through the ages (1963) (with Ronald Ewart Oakeshott)
- Horned Helmet (1963) (novel about the Jomsvikings)
- Know about the Crusades (1963)
- The Burning of Njal (1964) (novel) (retold by Henry Treece)
- The Last of the Vikings (1964) (novel about Harold Hardrada)
- The Bronze Sword (1965) (novel)
- Splintered Sword (1965) (novel)
- Killer in Dark Glasses (1965) (novel)
- Swords from the North (1966) (novel)
- Bang You're Dead! (1966) (novel)
- The Queen's Brooch (1966) (novel set during Boudicca's rebellion)
- The Dream Time (1967) (novel)
- Vinland the Good (1967) (novel) (decorations by William Stobbs, map by Richard Treece)
- The Windswept City (1967) (novel set in the Trojan War)
- The Crusades: two hundred years of war, sacred journeys and the quest for loot (1978)
Adult historical fiction
Celtic Tetralogy (ordered by chronological setting)
- 1) The Golden Strangers (1956); titled The Invaders in the U.S.), about the arrival of the Celts in Britain
- 2) The Dark Island (1952); titled The Savage Warriors in the U.S.), about the defeat of Caratacus by the Romans after their invasion of Britain
- 3) Red Queen, White Queen (1958); titled The Pagan Queen in the U.S.), about Boudica and the rebellion she led against Rome, as told by a young Roman Imperial agent
- 4) The Great Captains (1956), a realistic story of King Arthur and the struggle of Celtic Britain to survive after the departure of the Romans
- The Rebels (1953). Set during the last decade of Victoria's reign, it follows the fluctuating fortunes of the Fisher family, ironmasters who live in the Black Country town of Darlaston. Their ancestors were strong, tough and unpretentious, but now the family aspires to comfortable Victorian gentility.
Trilogy set in Mycenaean Greece, based on legendary characters:
- Jason (1961)
- Electra (also spelt Elektra for some editions)- US title The Amber Princess (1963)
- Oedipus—US title The Eagle King (1964)
- The Green Man (1966) A reworking of Amleth's Vengeance from the Gesta Danorum of Saxo Grammaticus (the basis for Shakespeare's tragedy, Hamlet). Set in 6th century Jutland (Denmark), Duke Arthur's Britain and Caledonia (Scotland). Contains fantasy elements.
Further Readings and Critical Works
- [Pauline Clarke], Henry Treece: Lament for a Maker, in TLS 5: Essays and Reviews from The Times Literary Supplement 1966. (London: Times Publishing 1966), pp. 7–104. Reprinted in Only Connect: Readings on children's literature, ed.Sheila Egoff et al. Toronto New York: Oxford University Press (Canadian Branch), 1969, pp. 256–264.
- Margery Fisher, Henry Treece in Three Bodley Head Monographs. London: Bodley Head, 1969, pp. 7–104
- Arthur Edward Salmon, Poets of the Apocalypse, Twayne's English Authors Series, 360. Boston:Twayne, 1983
- Caroline C. Hunt, Henry Treece, in British Children's Writers, 1914-1960. Ed. Donald R. Hettinga & Gart D Schmidt. Detroit: Gale Research, 1996. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 160. (Web: Gale Literature Resource Center).
- Catie Cary, Glorious Bloody Days: An appreciation of Henry Treece's life and historical fiction for adults. Special feature on Henry Treece published in Solander (Journal of the Historical Novel Society), 14 November 2003
- "Henry Treece". Collecting Books and Magazines. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- "Henry Treece biblio". FantasticFiction. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- Savoy People- Henry Treece A short biography which includes links to further information about Treece's Celtic Tetralogy and to Notes on Perception and Vision (1966), collected comments by Treece on his philosophy of writing
- Henry Treece and the New Apocalypse: A Study of English Neo-Romanticism by Jo-Ann Baggerly. PhD thesis submitted to the Texas Tech University (1973)
- Henry Treece at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database