Henry Trotter (Indian Army officer)
Trotter attended Addiscombe Military Seminary from 1858 to 1860, and was awarded his commission in the Royal Engineers, Bengal on 8 June 1860. He sailed to India in 1862, and from 1863 to 1875 served on the Great Trigonometric Survey of India. He was a member of the Second Yarkand Mission to Sinkiang to visit the territory ruled by Yakub Beg: the mission had 350 support staff and 6,476 porters, and was led by Sir Thomas Douglas Forsyth. Among the other Indian Army officers were Thomas E. Gordon, John Biddulph, Henry Bellew, Ferdinand Stoliczka and R. A. Champman. During the exhibition Trotter was the first recorded European to have shot an Ovis Poli. Trotter, now a captain, joined the special service in China in 1876 and he served as Assistant Military Attaché at Constantinople during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78; Trotter was present at the fall of Erzurum to the Russians. In 1879, now a major, he was appointed Consul for Kurdistan; and in 1880 he was appointed Consul at Erzurum. From 1882 to 1889 he served as Military Attaché at Constantinople, following which he became British Consul-General in Syria, based in Beirut
In 1906 Trotter retired from public service and in 1907 he began to work with the Central Asian Society. He served as a Member of Council for the society and from 1917 to 1918 he was president of the society. Trotter was invested as a Knight Commander, of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (KCMG) and a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Henry Trotter was the fourth son of Alexander Trotter (1804–1865), a wealthy stockbroker for Coutts Bank and his first wife Jacqueline Elizabeth Otter (1811–1849), a daughter of William Otter, Bishop of Chichester.
On 15 October 1890 Trotter married Olivia Georgiana Wellesley, daughter of Admiral George Wellesley and Elizabeth Lukin. He and his wife had two daughters, Jacqueline Theodora (1894-1948) and Angela Olivia (1897-1981).
List of publications
- 1875. Trotter, Henry. Account of the Survey Operations in Connection with the Mission to Yarkand and Kashgar in 1873-74. Calcutta: Printed at the Foreign Department Press.
- 1876. Secret and Confidential Report of the Trans-Himalayan Explorations by Employees of the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India, during 1873-74-75. Calcutta.
- 1878. "On the Geographic Results of the Mission to Kashgar under Sir T. Douglas Forsyth in 1873-74." Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 48. pp. 173–234.
- 1907. “Despatch by Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Trotter Reporting Upon the Operations of the European Commission of the Danube During the Years 1894-1906, Together with a Résumé of Its Previous History.” H.M. Stationery Office.
- 1917. ”The Amir Yakoub Khan and Eastern Turkestan in Mid-Nineteenth Century.” Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society. Vol. 4. No. 4. pp. 95–112.
- Vibart, H.M. (1894). Addiscombe: its heroes and men of note. Westminster: Archibald Constable. pp. 646–7, 702.
- The London Gazette: . 21 April 1921.
- "Person Page - 8526". The Peerage. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Yate, A.C. (1920). "Obituary: Lieut-Colonel Sir Henry Trotter, R.E. (Retired), K.C.M.G., C.B.". Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society 7 (1): 32–33. doi:10.1080/03068372008724772.
- Hruby, Jiri (2005). "Ferdinand Stoliczka". Birding Asia 3: 50–56.
- The London Gazette: . 17 June 1879.
- The London Gazette: . 23 April 1880.
- "Person Page - 8525". The Peerage. Retrieved 16 June 2012.