Herbert Cox

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This article is about the British general. For the Canadian politician, see Herb Cox.
Sir Herbert Cox
Born 12 July 1860
Died 8 October 1923 (aged 63)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service 1880–1921
Rank General
Commands held 69th Punjabis
4th Infantry Brigade
Gurkha Brigade
4th Australian Division
Battles/wars Second Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
Tirah Expeditions
Boxer Rebellion
First World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Star of India

General Sir Herbert Vaughan Cox GCB KCMG CSI (12 July 1860 – 8 October 1923) was a British officer in the Indian Army.

Early life[edit]

Cox was born in Watford, the son of the Rector of Upper Chelsea. He was educated at Charterhouse and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was commissioned into the 25th Foot (later the King's Own Scottish Borderers) in 1880.[1]

Early military service[edit]

Posted to India, he served in the closing stages of the Second Anglo-Afghan War and was promoted Lieutenant. He transferred to the Madras Staff Corps in 1882[2] and served in the Third Anglo-Burmese War of 1885–1886 with the 21st Madras Infantry.[3]

He then briefly served as adjutant of the South India Railway Volunteer Corps before being appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General for Musketry in Burma. Soon afterwards he was appointed DAAG of Imperial Service Troops. He was promoted Captain in 1891.[4] In 1894 he became an inspector of the contingents supplied by the Indian Princely States. He served on the Mohmand and Tirah Expeditions and in the Boxer Rebellion, being promoted Major in 1900.[5]

Return to India[edit]

Returning to India in 1902, he spent five years in command of his regiment, the 69th Punjabis, as a Temporary Lieutenant-Colonel.[6] He was promoted substantive Lieutenant-Colonel in 1904[7] and Brevet Colonel in 1907.[8] He was promoted substantive Colonel[9] and became Assistant Quartermaster-General for Mobilisation later in 1907.[10] Nine months later he was appointed Deputy Quartermaster-General for India,[11] in which post he served for three years. In 1911 he was appointed military member of the Coronation Durbar Committee with the temporary rank of Brigadier-General,[12] for which he was appointed Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI) later that year.[13]

Commander at Rawalpindi[edit]

His next post was as commander of the 4th Infantry Brigade at Rawalpindi. He was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 1912 Birthday Honours.[14] He then took command of the 2nd (Nowshera) Infantry Brigade. When the First World War broke out, he was given command of the Gurkha Brigade in Egypt, Arabia and Gallipoli, where he was wounded. He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in October 1915 for distinguished services in the field.[15] In 1916, he was appointed Colonel of his old regiment, the 69th Punjabis.[16]

Service in Egypt and retirement[edit]

He then commanded the 4th Australian Division in Egypt and in France from 1916 to 1917, when he became Military Secretary to the India Office, where he remained until his retirement in January 1921.[17] He was promoted Lieutenant-General in January 1917 for distinguished service in the field.[18] In 1919 he was appointed to the Esher Committee to look into Indian Army administration and organisation. He was promoted General in 1920[19] and appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in the 1921 Birthday Honours following his retirement.[20]



Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Edmund Barrow
Military Secretary to the India Office
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Cobbe