Herman, Duke of Carinthia

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Herman II of Sponheim (died 4 October 1181) ruled the Duchy of Carinthia from 1161 to his death.[1]

Family[edit]

A scion of the Rhenish House of Sponheim, he was the second son of Duke Ulrich I of Carinthia (d. 1144) and his wife Judith, daughter of Margrave Herman II of Baden.[2]

Herman's paternal grandparents were Engelbert of Spanheim (died 1141) and Uta, daughter of Burgrave Ulric of Passau. Engelbert had succeeded his brother Henry as Carinthian duke in 1123, since 1106 he also controlled the March of Istria.[3] His maternal grandparents were Berengar II, Count of Sulzbach (died 3 December 1125) and Adelheid of Wolfratshausen. His maternal aunts included Gertrude of Sulzbach and Bertha of Sulzbach, respectively the wives of King Conrad III of Germany and the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos.[4]

Rule[edit]

When in April 1144, his father Duke Ulrich I died childless[5] Herman's elder brother Henry V succeeded him. Though a loyal supporter of the Imperial Hohenstaufen dynasty, Henry lost the title of Margrave of Verona to his uncle Herman III of Baden in 1151. He married Elizabeth, a daughter of Margrave Leopold of Styria, and died childless on 12 October 1161.,[6] whereafter Herman succeeded him as Carinthian duke.

He consolidated his position by achieving the office of a Vogt protector over the Carinthian possessions of the Bishopric of Bamberg and the Patriarchate of Aquileia. Like his brother, he was stuck in territorial disputes with the Otakar margraves of Styria and local nobles like the counts of Heunburg and Ortenburg. About 1173, Herman married Agnes of Babenberg, daughter of Duke Henry II of Austria and widow of King Stephen III of Hungary. They had two known sons:[7]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry V
Duke of Carinthia
1161–1181
Succeeded by
Ulrich II

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Cawley, Charles, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  Missing or empty |title= (help),[better source needed]